Jim Crow Laws
The Jim Crow Laws began in the 1880's. The Jim Crow Laws legalized segregation between blacks and whites. All basic rights were denied to African Americans. The "Separate but Equal" soon came for public faculties for blacks. This law made it seem fair for the blacks when in actuality it wasn't fair at all.
May 18 1896 : The Plessy v Ferguson case declares that blacks are separate but equal.
May 17 1954: Brown v Board of Education declared segregation in schools.
July 2 1964: Civil Rights Act of 1964 ends segregation for good.
Lyndon B Johnson
Lyndon B Johnson was the 36th president and played a big role in the Jim Crow Laws. Reminding Americans that JFK proposed to pass the civil rights bill he knew it was time to address the problem of segregation. After getting the votes he needed LBJ signed the Civil Rights Act into law in 1964. This law ended segregation and African Americans were guaranteed the same rights as whites. Although, in the South whites still legally deprived blacks of their rights.