The New Deal
The First New Deal
The New Deal Explained
The New Deal was many programs passed by congress, created by FDR during his first term. Following the Great Depression, FDR made programs following the 3 R’s. Relief, Recovery and Reform.
Relief was made to stop suffering of the Americans in worst conditions after the depression. relief had two major parts, Public Works, and Rural programs. Public Works are jobs for the poor americans building things like airports, schools, hotels. This was to open up jobs in facilities while creating jobs building them. Rural programs were large areas of land in the south given to farmers to open jobs and feed hungry.
Recovery were a series of programs created by the government to restore the economy back to normal after the depression. Reform was created to stop anything like the depression from happening again. It looked into businesses and markets that might have caused the depression, and they shut them down.
The CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) was another one of the many work relief programs created by the government to provide simple jobs to Americans. It was the most popular of all the work relief programs, with over 30 million employees. The CCC was an outdoors group, that worked on building and planting outside. The CCC is reponsible for planting “nearly 3 billion trees(reforistation), building around 800 national parks, and upgrading many state parks” http://iws.collin.edu/kwilkison/Online1302home/20th%20Century/DepressionNewDeal.html. This assisted in creating many jobs and pulling america out of the depression.
The SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) is a federal group created to enforce security laws, making sure the security in industry was good, protecting the stock exchange, and any other electronic security in businesses. It was created stop large businesses from being robbed and the stock exchange from crashing. If robberies occurred in large businesses or a stock market crashed it would only pull the U.S. deeper into the depression. It protected the economy from failing again.
On May 12th, 1933 the FERA or (Federal Emergency Relief Administration) distributed cash payments to those unable to work. This includes the urban poor, usually in the form of unskilled, sometimes made-work jobs. Then the AAA was created.