The Writing Process

Eva F, Kaitlin E , Audrey F, Aoife K, Kathy M, and Gabi B

1) PRE-WRITING

Breaking down the writing task

-Plan ahead for your writing, devise a plan.

-Schedule different times for you to sit down and write, this will help you be organized and your writing will be more effective.

-Create a thesis statement

  • Who is the audience for your writing?

  • Do you think your audience is interested in the topic? Why or why not?

  • Why should your audience be interested in this topic?

  • What does your audience already know about this topic?

  • What does your audience need to know about this topic?

  • What experiences has your audience had that would influence them on this topic?

  • What do you hope the audience will gain from your text?

Brainstorming

Discusses techniques to help you write a paper

-You’ll need to brainstorm when you do not know anything about the topic

-Also You’ll need to brainstorm when you are overwhelmed with information on the subject

Techniques:

-Freewriting

-Listing/Bulleting Different ideas

-3 Perspectives

-Consider purpose and audience

-Thinking outside the box

-Journalistic Questions- Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How?

Outlining

Reason to outline:

  • Helps you organize the process of writing

  • Presents ideas in a logical form

  • Purpose of your paper

  • Develop thesis

How to do this:

  • List all ideas

  • Group together related ideas

  • Order material into subsections from general to specific or abstract to concrete

  • Create main and sub headings

Heading 1 and 2 need to have same significance and should have more information than sub headings.

2) DRAFTING

  • Once you have planned out your ideas, the next step is to start drafting.

  • While drafting you should concentrate on organizing your information logically and developing your topic with detail.

  • Think about who and what you are writing for make sure your purpose is clearly shown throughout your writing piece.

  • Our brain processes information as we write things down. You will find yourself making connections and discovering new ideas as you are writing your first drafts.

3) Revising

Steps to do While Revising

  • looking at something to find a critical perspective

  • Reconsidering the paper

  • Reviewing your paper (evidence, purpose, presentation)

  • Fresh view of your paper/presentation

  • When you have a fresh view you will review everything more precisely

  • be honest with yourself

  • Make sure everything is in proportion

  • takes more than a few minutes

  • It follows with your thesis (for a paper)

  • Transitions are smooth

  • Make sure it is appropriate for the assignment

  • Make sure your introduction is clear
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4) Editing


  • Have a quiet working place
  • Take breaks
  • Change style of text (font, color, size, ext.)
  • Edit content, overall structure, paragraph structure, clarity, style, citations
  • Do NOT rely on grammar or spelling check
  • Circle ALL punctuation
  • Proofread multiple times
  • Come up with a personal editing system
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Editing Checklist

  • Read out loud and see where exactly to pause for periods, question marks, exclamation marks, & commas.

  • Quotation marks are put where they are required.

  • Check for capitalisation.

  • Nouns that are proper began with Capital letters.

  • Sentences must contain complete thoughts with nouns and verbs.

  • There must NOT be any run- on sentences.