The Scientific Revolution
Sandy B. 2nd
What was the change?
Who were the people associated with this change?
In the early 1500's he became interested in the Greek idea that the sun was the center of the universe. He created the Heliocentric theory that told that the planets, including Earth, orbited the sun. Many Scholars and clergy rejected his theory because it did not completely explain why the planets orbited the way they did.
He was a great mathematician that was certain that mathematical laws played a part in the movement of planets. One of these laws displayed that the planets moved in elliptical paths.
Galileo created many new theories for astronomy. He invented the telescope to allow people to see far off into the distance. The church did not want Galileo to defend Copernicus' theories. He wrote a book clearly supporting Copernicus and was sent before trio in rome before the inquisition. In fear of torture he agreed the theories of Copernicus were false.
Newton began to put together previous ideas into a theory of motion. He told that all physical objects were affected equally by the same forces. The motion of all matter, even the orbit of planets, became the key idea for the Law of Universal Gravitation. The law states that all objects are attracted to each other and the amount of attraction is determined by the size. He published is theories in The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. It described how motion could be expressed perfectly through mathematics.