Common Infectious Diseases

Spread From Bacteria

The four most infectious diseases caused by bacteria are strep throat, Lyme disease, meningitis and tuberculosis.

  • Strep throat: Is common in teens. "Strep" is short for Streptococcus.
  • Lyme disease: Can become infected with bacteria that cause Lyme disease when bitten by an infected tick.
  • Bacterial meningitis: An infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain.
  • Tuberculosis: A highly contagious bacterial infection of the lungs.

Spread From Viruses

Viral diseases include the common cold, influenza, pneumonia, and hepatitis.

  • The common cold: Is a group of symptoms that is used by a number of different viruses.
  • Influenza: The flu, or influenza, is a common viral infection of the upper respiratory system.
  • Pneumonia: In people who are elderly,or who have heart disease or breathing problems.
  • Hepatitis: A group of viruses (Hepatitis A,B, and C) that infect the liver can cause hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver.

Keeping Healthy

Wash your hands! Use hand sanitizer. Take a daily shower. Brush your teeth. When sick, try your best to stay away from others to prevent them from getting sick.