How the Witches Destroyed Macbeth

Hayden Foster

THE WITCHES ARE TO BLAME

Without the witches, Macbeth wouldn't have gotten any of the ideas that drove his ambition in the first place. Sure, his ambition had some part in his downfall, but where do you think that came from? It all started when Macbeth and Banquo ran into the witches after winning a major battle. The supernatural women started to praise Macbeth, saying he will be "All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Glamis! All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Cawdor! All hail, Macbeth! That shalt be king hearafter!" (Act 1 scene 3 lines 49-51). Macbeth didn't believe any of this until he was named both, "Glamis, and Thane of Cawdor! The greatest is behind!" (Act 1 Scene 3 line 119). That was when he decided he needed to be King of Scotland, so he told his wife, Lady Macbeth, exactly what happened. She then wouldn't stop pressuring him until he Killed the King, Macduff, who was also his cousin. That was his first of many mistakes. Later on, in Act 4, The witches show Macbeth three witches that are used to seriously confuse him. An Armored head, that is telling him to beware of Macduff, A bloody child, telling him no man born of a women will hurt him, and a child crowned while holdin a tree, telling him that he will only be defeated when the Birnam wood marches of fight him on Dunsinane hill. These appirations give him false confidence "That will never be. Who can impress the forest, bid the tree, unfix the earthbound root?" (Act 4 Scene 1 Lines 109-111). In the last act of the book, Macbeth prepares to battle Macduff when he sees trees moving up the hill. In that battle, Macduff defeated Macbeth's army while Malcom Killed the evil murder himself.
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LITERARY DEVICES

DYNAMIC CHARACTER:

Dynamic Character is a character who goes through a major change within a story. This is shown in Lady Macbeth because she was a character that Mad a major change during the story, along with Macbeth himself. In the beginning of the story, Lady Macbeth was strong, forceful, and knew what she wanted. She forced Macbeth to kill King Duncan, and kept their whole story together while Macbeth fell apart inside and out. By the end, all the choices she made finally caught up to her. The Gentlewomen and the Doctor have even seen her, "rise from her bed, throw her nightgown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon't it, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed; yet all this in a most fast sleep" (Act 5 Scene 1 Lines 5-8). This means that she was sleep walking, only what her mind really is like was in control. They also saw Lady Macbeth washing her hands over and over again, while asleep, trying to get leftover blood from Duncan's murder off


TRAGIC HERO:

A Tragic Hero is a character who makes a wrong decision or judgement that leads to their own destruction. This is shown in the beginning of the play when Macbeth kills King Duncan. This choice that he makes turns his life good for a while until he keeps killing and killing to get what he wants. That is what eventually leads to his destruction. When Macbeth's ambition finally pushes him to the limit and he needs to be King he says, "I am settled, and bend up Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. " (Act 1 Scene 7 Lines 79-80). This quote shows Macbeth when he decides to kill Duncan and change his life in so many ways.

VERBAL IRONY:

Verbal Irony is when a character says something but really means something else. This is shown in the Beginning of the play, when Duncan first gets to Macbeth's castle, Lady Macbeth was welcoming and kind, and overall not herself. She only acted like this for two reasons: because Duncan was the King of Scotland, but mostly because she and Macbeth didn't want anybody to get a hunch that the two were going to kill Duncan in his sleep. The first thing she greeted him with was, "All our service, In every point twice done and then done double, Were poor and single business to contend Against those honors deep and broad wherewith Your majesty loads our house. For those of old, And the late dignities heaped up to them, we rest your hermits" (Act 1 Scene 6 Lines 14-19). This quote means that everything Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are doing for Duncan will ever compare to what he did for them by naming Macbeth Thane of Cawdor. This is completely Verbal Irony because Lady Macbeth is saying she cannot do enough to repay Duncan, when in reality she is planning to kill him in his sleep.

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MOVIE CONNECTION

The movie Mean Girls relates to Macbeth because The witches can be seen as Cady, the main character that pushes the Mean girls Karen, Regina, and Gretchen; who would be considered Macbeth, to their self destruction. In the play Macbeth, the witches tell Macbeth things to him that really mess with his mind, which leads him to make the wrong choices and self destruct. In the movie Mean Girls, The main character Cady tricks Gretchen, Karen, and Regina to turn against each other and do a bunch of other things that also eventually causes self destruction.
Mean Girls Official Trailer - (2004) HD - Redux

SONG CONNECTION

SONG: I Just Can't wait to be King from the Lion King

TIME: 2:24 to the end


This song shows the ambition the witches give Macbeth after they tell him he will become Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and King of Scotland. This is especially relevant after Macbeth is named Thane of Glamis and Cawdor and he has decided to kill King Duncan to make the third prophecy come true- He will be King of Scotland.

I Just Can't Wait To Be King- The Lion King (lyrics)