By: Hannah Jeon, Sebastian Ardila, & Luke Slejko
- Other Mercury astronauts had to endure bite-sized cubes, freeze-dried powders, and semi-liquids stuffed in aluminum tubes.
- Bite-sized cubes were coated with gelatin to reduce crumbling
- All of the food has to be dry-out. All the liquid content has to be taken out.
- Weight and volume have always been primary design factors for every piece of hardware launched into space.
- One way weight can be conserved during launch is to remove water in the food system.
- A supplementary food supply that provides approximately 2100 Kilocalories per person for two extra days is stowed aboard the Shuttle for each flight.
- The beverage package is made from a foil laminate to provide maximum barrier properties for a longer product shelf life.
- Individual servings of thermostabilized foods are commercially available in aluminum or bimetallic cans, plastic cups, or in flexible retort pouches.
- By the time of the Apollo program, the quality and variety of food increased even further. Apollo astronauts were first to have hot water, which made rehydrating foods easier and improved the food's taste.
- Other Mercury astronauts had to endure bite-sized cubes, freezedried powders, and semiliquids stuffed in aluminum tubes.
- A septum adapter is sealed in the package after the beverage powder has been added.
- Although the beverage package was designed for use on EDO missions, it has replaced the square polyethylene beverage package on all Shuttle missions. The EDO rehydratable food package also is made from flexible material to aid in trash compression.
- The EDO rehydratable food package was tested on STS-44, and used for all of the rehydratable foods on STS49 and 50.
- The only exceptions are the fresh fruit and vegetables stowed in the fresh food locker. Without refrigeration, the carrots and celery must be eaten within the first two days of the flight or they will spoil.
- About 3 weeks before launch, the food lockers are shipped to Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. There they are refrigerated until they are installed in the Shuttle 2-3 days before launch.
Advanced Food Technology
Leafy Green Astronauts