Va/US History 7fSOL

POSTWAR CONTRIBUTIONS OF KEY LEADERS OF THE CIVIL WAR

KEY LEADERS:

  • Robert E. Lee
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Frederick Douglass
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After the Civil War

  • Both Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant urged reconciliation between the North and the South
  • Frederick Douglass became the leading spokesman for African Americans in the nation
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POST WAR CONTRIBUTIONS

Robert E. Lee


  • Urged Southerners to reconcile and rejoin the United States
  • Served as president of Washington College (Washington & Lee University today)
  • Emphasized the importance of education to the nation’s future
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Urged radical Republicans not to be harsh with former Confederates
  • Was elected president and served during most of Reconstruction
  • Advocated rights for the freedman
  • Opposed retribution directed at the defeated South
Frederick Douglass


  • Supported full equality for African Americans
  • Advocated for the passage of the 14th and 15th Amendments
  • Encouraged federal government actions to protect the rights of freedmen in the South
  • Served as ambassador to Haiti and in the civil service

Definitions


reconciliation - the restoration of friendly relations


radical republicans - a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party from about 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877


Advocate - a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy


retribution - punishment that is considered to be morally right and fully deserved