History of the Church
BY: Zachary Ridgley
The Roman Empire
jesus and the founding of the church
the early christians
the early days of the Catholic Church make reference to Bishops priests virgins living in communities nuns the Sacrament of Confession, the Baptism of infants the Bishop of Rome as the Head of the Christian religion, and even reverence to the saint On the matter of Bishops, Pope St. Clement church also which holds the presidency, in the location of the country of the Romans, worthy of God worthy of hanor worthy of blessing worthy of praise worthy of success worthy of sanctification, and because you hold the presidency in love named after Christ and named after the Father. On the subject of Holy Communion, St. Justin Martyr, stated in his 1st apology 148-155 This food we call the Eucharist, of which no one is allowed to partake except one who believes that the things we teach are true, and has received the washing for forgiveness of sins and for rebirth, and who lives as Christ handed down to us. For we do not receive these things as common bread or common drink; but as Jesus Christ our Savior being incarnate by God’s Word took flesh and blood for our salvation, so also we have been taught that the food consecrated by the Word of prayer which comes from him, from which our flesh and blood are nourished by transformation, is the flesh and blood of that incarnate Jesus And on the matter of Infant Baptism, we read from Saint Hippolytus, The Apostolic Tradition 21:16, in 215,Otherwise, let their parents or other relatives speak for them Regarding the Sacrament of Confession Origen in the Homilies in Leviticus 2:4 in 248 we read, A filial method of forgiveness albeit hard and laborious the remission of sins through penance, when the sinner... does not shrink from declaring his sin to a priest of the Lord and from seeking medicine, after the manner of him who say I said to the Lord I will accuse myself of my iniquity From the above it is obviously clear that the practices of the Christian Church in its early days is no different than today's practices of the Catholic Church. This confirms that the Catholic Church was the very first Christian Church, the one instituted by Jesus Christ While the believers of thousands of different religions can claim to be christians they cannot claim to be Catholics who belong to the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church that was instituted on earth by Jesus Christ.
persucution of ¨they way¨
In the early Church those Christians who refused to renounce the Faith were martyred, often in public spectacles in places such as the Coliseum Because the death of the martyrs had occurred there, many of the Roman circuses were held as sacred by Christians When the circuses were dismantled, their material was used in the construction of Christian churches The earliest Christians referred to the Faith as “the Way.Living he Way required integrity and a strong commitment. Although living the Faith is always difficult, it was especially so for the early Christians.Many thousands of Christians lost their lives during the first three hundred years of persecutions Christianity is a religion born in the suffering and death of its founder Jesus Christ. In like manner, many of his early followers suffered and died for their belief in him. The persecutions began with Nero AD 64 and climaxed with Diocletian AD 303 However throughout this period regardless of the persecutions the Church continued to spread.
the church fathers and heresies
The Athanasian Creed that emerged expresses the Catholic belief in the three Divine Persons of the Blessed Trinity and the Incarnation of God the Son, the Second Person of the Trinity. It emphasizes the equality of each of the three persons of the Trinity The Creed begins and ends with an anathema on those who do not accept it Each sentence, word, and phrase of the Creed was carefully selected in order to adequately express the Catholic Faith While some of these terms may seem difficult to understand, members of the early Church suffered tortur exile and death in order to preserve and transmit the unadulterated Deposit of Faith.
light in the dark ages
Initially, this era took on the term “dark” by later onlookers; this was due to the backward ways and practices that seemed to prevail during this time. Future historians used the term “dark” simply to denote the fact that little was known about this period; there was a paucity of written history. Recent discoveries have apparently altered this perception as many new facts about this time have been uncovered. The Francesco Petrarca was the first to coin the phrase. He used it to denounce Latin literature of that time; others expanded on this idea to express frustration with the lack of Latin literature during this time or other cultural achievements. While the term dark ages is no longer widely used, it may best be described as Early Middle Ages -- the period following the decline of Rome in the Western World. The Middle Ages is loosely considered to extend from 400 to 1000 AD.
The Great schism
The Great Eastern Schism is the name given to the separation of the Roman and Byzantine branches of the Christian church. This separation of the Latin and Greek churches is sometimes dated from 1054 the date when Byzantine and Roman officials excommunicated each other. Actually, the break came about through a gradual process of estrangement that extended from the 9th to the 15th century.
There have actually been several different inquisitions. The first was established in 1184 in southern France as a response to the Catharist heresy. This was known as the Medieval Inquisition, and it was phased out as Catharism disappeared. Quite separate was the Roman Inquisition, begun in 1542. It was the least active and most benign of the three variations. Separate again was the infamous Spanish Inquisition, started in 1478, a state institution used to identify Jews and Muslims who pretended to convert to Christianity for purposes of political or social advantage and secretly practiced their former religion.
The High Middle Ages
hundred year war
Joan of arc
the Protestant Reformation & the english remormation
Exploration and missionary movements
the age of enlightment
pope puis xii and world war 2
pope st.john paul 2
the church of immigrants to the us and slavery
the church in the u.s. presents and future
Every practicing Catholic in America is stuck between two worlds. On one hand, he inhabits a broadly secular culture, one indifferent to claims about the transcendent, in which the currency of human exchange is always some mix of money, pleasure, and power. His participation in that culture is nearly constant—it surrounds him in mass media, on the internet, in patterns of speech, in social expectations, and in the aims and operations of his government. The modern Catholic in America is swimming in secularity. On the other hand there is the Church, which stands apart from the sea of secularity, and offers a set of fundamental commitments and values. Here one makes vows that are lifelong and indissoluble. Here one's duties are insuperable and absolute. The currency of exchange put forward in the Church is based not on pleasure or power but truth, charity, and oblation. Here the economy of domination is swept away by the blood of the Lamb.The tension between these two forces in American Catholic life causes a great deal of confusion. I suspect many Catholics exist in a state of double-think, where they see the world through Christ at Mass, see it through the lens of materialism at work, and maintain an incoherent mix of the two at home with their families. The tension remains unresolved for ordinary Catholics because of persistent ambiguities in the institutions (Church and State) to which each side is anchored.