AR Between The Wars

By Wyatt Burns

Post War AR

The ending of World War 1 started the beginning of a new decade which brought renewed hope and economic improvements to most Americans. Electricity, the telephone, the automobile, and several other time-saving inventions came with the new advancements in technology.

Oil Discoveries In Southern Arkansas

In the towns of El Dorado and Smackover, big oil strikes were found near these towns which turned them into boom towns. Within a few short years, El Dorado was home to 59 oil companies and about 30,000 residents, and in less than a year, Smackover grew from 131 residents to 25,000 residents. By the end of the decade, the area's huge oil boom had died out, making production levels drop from 58 million barrels to 12 million barrels.
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Return of The Ku Klux Klan

Despite the decline of Klan activity following Reconstruction, support for the group began growing once again. People throughout the South were unhappy about the new changes occurring in Arkansas. Eventually KKK membership was more than 50,000 people, many members ran for country, state, and city office but never succeeded. To the country, Klansmen promoted patriotic and moral standard, secretly, they promoted hatred and violence. As more members joined, their confidence grew and eventually attacked Jews, Catholics, moonshiners, gamblers, and foreign immigrants (they beat and lynched black citizens).
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The Flood of 1927

Despite promises that new levees would prevent future flooding along the Mississippi River, the area soon experienced one of the worst floods in out nation's history. On April 16, 1927 a flood broke levees and devastated people's lives, animals, and property in the states of Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The aftermath showed that Arkansas received the most damage, also many counties were buried in water up to 30 feet deep, leaving people and animals stranded in trees or rooftops.

The New Deal