The Water Cycle
By: Mallary Bickers & Dillon Skirvin
Phases of the Water Cycle
Evaporation- This is when warmth from the sun causes water from oceans, lakes, streams, ice and soils to rise into the air and turn into water vapour (gas). Water vapour droplets join together to make clouds!
Condensation- This is when water vapor in the air cools down and turns back into liquid water!
Precipitation- This is when water (in the form of rain, snow, hail or sleet) falls from clouds in the sky!
Collection (ground water)- This is when water that falls from the clouds as rain, snow, hail or sleet, collects in the oceans, rivers, lakes, streams. Most will infiltrate (soak into) the ground and will collect as underground water!
The Water Cycle
In this picture the whole water cycle takes place. Evaporation takes place when water turns from a liquid to a gas. Condensation is what makes up clouds in the sky. Precipitation is when rain, snow, hail, or sleet fall from clouds from a gas into a liquid or solid depends on the weather. Collection is taking place when groundwater runs into the oceans or river streams
The Water Cycle
Irrigation- Irrigation is the artificial watering of land that does not get enough water through rainfall. Irrigation is used substantially by most countries, some more than others. Arid (dry) lands require far more water, as do countries that have large intensive farming communities.The problem with irrigation is that it removes water from its natural source and often causes leaching and run-off where it is used. This removal of nutrients results in farmers using more fertilizers to keep their pastures productive while the waterways become polluted. Another problem is that salt is brought up from lower levels.
A way the water cycle affects me is through irrigation. Irrigation positively affects me because an irrigation system takes water and puts the water on plants/crops to help them grow when its been a long time since its rained. This is a positive affect because plants/crops are a source of food. Irrigation also has a negative affect on me because it takes water from their natural state,such as a creek, pulling it away from something that may need it more,such as a fish in the creek.
As a result of human activity disrupting the water cycle with irrigation many problems arise. A problem that arises is creeks running dry. Irrigation takes a lot of water from creeks and it can cause certain things to die, like fish,tadpoles,crawdads, etc. It also takes away a source of water for other animals to drink, such as deer, rabbits, squirrels,etc.
One action I would recommend to a concerned citizen to find a solution to the problem would be to instead of using irrigation to water your crops/plants to use a sprinkler instead. You could also reserve the problem. You could do this by only taking a certain amount of water from a creek,or other source of water, and wait until it rains before you take anymore water from the source. This will keep water in the source so it does not run dry. During the days when you cannot use the source because your waiting for rain, use another source from somewhere else or use a sprinkler or hose.