Gender Dysphoria

The soul has no gender

What is Geneder Dyshphoria?

Gender Dysphoria is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because there is a mismatch between there biological sex and gender identity. It is sometimes referred to as gender identity disorder, gender in-congruence or transgenderism. Biological sex is assigned at birth, depending on the appearance of the genitals. Gender identity is the gender a person feels themselves to be (NHS,2015).

Possible Causes of Gender Dyshphoria

Although the causes of gender dysphoria are not fully clear doctors do believe there are many different things that can contribute (Mandal,2013).

  • This may be causes by biological factors associated with the development of gender identity before birth.
  • Hormonal changes and exposure to estrogenic drugs.
  • A condition called congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and intersex condition's.
  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Defects in normal human bonding and child rearing (Mandal,2013)

What Does The Transgender Brain Look Like?

Signs and Symptoms

To be diagnosed with gender dysphoria, a person must have symptoms for at least six months. Signs will most likely start occurring at a young age. Some Signs to look for are


In Children


  • Consistently saying they are the opposite sex. For example: If a person is a male and they are saying they are a female
  • Strongly preferring friends of the sex with which they identify
  • Rejecting the clothes, toys, and games typical for their gender
  • Refusing to urinate the proper way their sex is supposed too
  • Saying they want to change their genitals
  • Having extreme distress about the changes their bodies are making

In Teens and Adults




  • Certainty that their true gender is not aligned with their body
  • Disgust with their genitals.
  • They may avoid showering, changing, or having sex
  • Strong desire to be rid of their genitals.


Children or adults might dress and otherwise present themselves like the sex they feel they are (Goldberg,2014).

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Treatment Options

When seeking treatment the goal is not to change how a person feels about their gender. Instead, the goal is to deal with the distress that may come with those feelings (Goldberg,2014.)


  • The most highly recommended is talk therapy. This is with a psychologist that the person feels comfort with.
  • Cross-sex hormone therapy which is a form of hormone replacement therapy in which sex hormones are administered.
  • Full time real life experience in the desired gender role
  • Sex reassignment surgery (Nolen-Hoeksema,2014)

Myths & Misconceptions

There are many misconceptions about transgenders some include

  • Children are too young to know or make these decisions
  • You are whatever your bits say you are
  • Gender-nonconforming behavior and identities are a result of something parents did
(Tanhill,2014)

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In Need of a Therapist?

When looking for a therapist it is important to seek the correct kind for your condition. Most recommended for gender dysphoria is a gender specialist. This is an active practitioner in psychotherapy

Credentials are


  • Bachelors or Masters degree.
  • Competence in mental disorders

References

Causes of Gender Dysphoria. (2013, April 25). Retrieved May 09, 2016, from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Causes-of-Gender-Dysphoria.aspx

Gender dysphoria . (2016). Retrieved May 09, 2016, from http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gender-dysphoria/Pages/Introduction.aspx


Goldberg. (2014, September 24). Gender Dysphoria: What It Is and How It's Treated. Retrieved May 09, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/gender-dysphoria?page


Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2014). Abnormal psychology (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

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