Pontiac's Rebelion

By: Mary Inzer , Margret , and John Michael

What was Pontiac's Rebellion?

Pontiac's Rebellion broke out in the Ohio River Valley near the great lakes region. Chief Pontiac was a powerful and respected head chief of the Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomi tribes. Chief Pontiac led a rebellion of a number of tribes against the British and the colonists. Pontiac's Rebellion followed the defeat of the French in the French Indian war. Many of the Native American Indians, primarily in the Great Lakes region, had close trading relationships with France and were suprised to find that the lands were now under the control of the British. Pontiac's Rebellion was an attempt by an alliance of some Native American Indian tribes to prevent Great Britain from using the land previously owned by France. Pontiac's War failed but the rebellion quickend the process of the Royal Proclomation establishing a massive boundary called the Proclamation Line. The Proclamation of 1763 was designed to calm the fears of American Native Indians by not letting colonist move westward past a ertin point.

How did it end?

King George III wanted to end Pontiac's rebellion so he issued a proclamation that gave all the land west of the Appalachians to the Indians. This proclamation helped bring peace to the Ohio River Valley. Although the white people there who wanted the land got extremely angry because the land west of the Appalachians was off limits to them.

Who was Pontiac?

Pontiac became chief of the Ottawa Indians in 1755. He soon became the head of Three Tribes, consisting of the Ottawa, Potawatomi, and Chippewa. The French traders and the Indian tribes had coexisted well, trading furs for supplies like food, guns, ammunition, and tobacco. In 1760, the British had just defeated the French and taken over their forts. Sir Jeffrey Amherst, Major Robert Rogers and British/colonial troops occupied Fort Detroit, and the British took possession of other forts around the Great Lakes region. Some of the British, including Amherst, were contemptuous of the Indians, limiting trade and angering the tribes. Chief Pontiac led the Indians in a rebellion to win back their land.