In Latin America by: Kevin Phan

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Environmental Issues affecting the citizens in Mexico City

Air pollution in Mexico City has led to many changes in the law and even deaths. People are forced to stay inside for days until they can finally go outside to work. Factories, cars, and humans have been a major contribution to the smog building up in this city. The location of Mexico City does not make it any better. They are located in the valley of the Sierra Madre Mountains which causes the air pollution with no way to escape. The air stays inside Mexico City and just circulates. School absences of children and teens have been connected to the pollution. Many citizens are complaining to the Mexican government about this problem though. The government has taken action to this and limits that citizens cannot use their car for one day of the week. In 1992, the United Nations named Mexico City the “most polluted city on the planet”. Literacy rate and standard of living have dropped dramatically because of this. Heart rare variability in the elderly is one effect people have taken notice to while childhood asthma has also increased dramatically. One solution to this is Mexico could make a pollution measurer for each car per week. There is a limit, and if they go over there is a large fine for this. This will greatly effect the pollution in Mexico City because people will not want to pay fines.

The world’s SEVENTH largest economy by nominal GDP

Most of the Brazilian economy is characterized by free markets and small businesses. Its economy is the largest in Latin America, and the second largest in the Western Hemisphere. Brazil’s economy grows very fast, in fact, from 2000 to 2012; Brazil was one of the fastest growing major economies in the world (with an average annual GDP growth rate of over 5%). Their major trading partners are China, USA, and Argentina. Their number one import is oil seeds from China, and their number one export is iron ore also from China. Brazil has a literacy rate of 90.4% and GDP of 11,208.08 USD.

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The Aztec in Mexico

In 1521, the Aztec civilization, or the Triple Alliance, was defeated and conquered by the Spanish Hernan Cortes and his crew. The Aztec ruled the valley of mexico until this time. They were civilized in the city of Tenochtitlan, named after the ruler "Tenochtitlan". After that time, many independence movements were occurring. One example of this was the Zapatista movement. The Zapatistas are a select group of peasant farmers from who make money from their crops. After the NAFTA law passed, agreeing to make free trade between North America, the Zapatistas were making even fewer money. they decided to rebel against the Mexican government, and used violence to show this. Today, the Zapatista movement is still going on since.
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The Government of Venezeula

Venezuela is a presidential system and federal republic. They are a federation and socialist state. The chief executive of Venezuela is the president, which is both head of state and head of government. The current leader of Venezuela is Nicolas Maduro, who is the 65th president, and has been since 2003. In Venezuela, you can be elected for a six year term, and can be reelected once more. Currently, Venezuela is in a state of protracted crisis. Since 2014, public frustration has been rising over shortages of basic consumer goods and skyrocketing inflation. Over 68 percent of this has spiked last year. The failure of Nicolas Maduro to respond effectively to these challenges has caused his approval ratings to plummet to 23 percent.