(Grammar, Spelling, Punctuation) Examples
Today, a convention for romance authors is that the hero and heroine must live happily ever after. Authors have been known to break those rules, such as in the novel "Love Story," where the heroine dies in the end. However, breaking those conventions is considered risky and might push it outside the genre.
Take Romeo And Juliet for example. Even though the story certainly has romantic elements, its genre is firmly a tragedy, because Juliet not only dies in the end, but also dies in such an awful way that could have been prevented.
1. Using I Before E
Use i before e, except after c, or when sounded as "a" as in "neighbor" and "weigh."
EXAMPLES: believe, chief, piece, and thief; deceive, receive, weigh, and freight
2. Dropping the Final E
Drop the final e before a suffix beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) but not before a suffix beginning with a consonant.
ride + ing = riding
guide + ance = guidance
hope + ing = hoping
3. Changing a Final Y to I
Change a final y to i before a suffix, unless the suffix begins with i.
defy + ance = defiance
party + es = parties
pity + ful = pitiful
4. Doubling a Final Consonant
Double a final single consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel when both of these conditions exist:
(a) a single vowel precedes the consonant;
(b) the consonant ends an accented syllable or a one-syllable word.
stop + ing = stopping
admit + ed = admitted
A. Lack of Parallelism
- She likes to hunt and fishing.
... to hunt and to fish -or- hunting and fishing
B. Incorrect Case (Noun or Pronoun)
- Father does not approve of Jack and me joining a labor union.
... of Jack's and my joining a labor union.
C. Lack of Agreement (Subject-Predicate)
- This peasant uprising with its many weapons are easy to fear.
... is easy to fear.
D. Lack of Agreement (Pronoun and Antecedent)
- Everyone in the factory is throwing their shoes into the machinery.
... is throwing her shoes into the machinery.
E. Dangling Element
- Coming across the fields, the group of angry peasants met my gaze.
... fields, I saw the group of angry peasants.
Bound in beautiful red leather, Pierre received a volume of Marx's Das Kapital for his birthday.
Pierre received for his birthday a volume of Marx's Das Kapital, bound in beautiful red leather.
F. Double Negative
- Behind the loud weaving machine we could not hardly hear each other's voices.
... we could hardly hear each other's voices.
G. Incorrect Tense (Sequence), Mood
- I have worked for 18 hours last Saturday.
I worked for 18 hours last Saturday.