The Han Dynasty: 206 BC~220 AD

By: SarahKate, Zen, Izzy, Shalon.

1. What effect did the invention of paper have on the Han Dynasty?

SOCIAL


The invention of paper greatly contributed to the spread and development of civilization. Bones, tortoise shells, and bamboo slips were all used before actual paper was invented in 105 A.D. from Cai Lun. He invented this material during the Eastern Han Dynasty from worn fishnet, bark and cloth. These raw materials could be easily found at a much lower cost so large quantities of paper could be produced.


"Han period bamboo writing tablets." Image. Instructional Resources Corporation. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.



2. What religion did the Han based their government on and how did that religion affect their government?

POLITICAL


Han emperors promoted Confucianism as a stabilizing force in society. Knowledge of Confucian principles became essential for anyone who wanted to advance in a Han administration. Confucian principles also formed the basis for the Han legal system, although in a much more practical form than Confucius intended. Chinese governments over the next 2,000 years generally based their legal systems on this combination of Confucian ideals and practical Legalism.




Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Han dynasty." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.




3. What did the Han Dynasty require their government officials to pass in order to work in the government? Why or what effect did this system have on the Han Dynasty? What effect did this have on society?

POLITICAL


The emperor enjoyed his high status and was the head of the government. His rule was absolute, but civil official that represented the interests of different states, ultimately judged his decisions. Keeping the centralized form of government of the Qin, Gao Zu and his successors expanded it into a bureaucracy founded on education and accountability. That bureaucratic administration started to expand the imperial influence. Gao Zu realized that managing a large empire required a loyal work force, so he appointed military leaders who had helped him during the rebellion, to be the authority. Finally, Wudi established a system where government workers had to prove their worth in order to be placed in positions and keep their jobs. In the administration of Wudi, exams stressed Confucian teachings and thus ensured that all members of the administration were steeped in that philosophy. Civil servants had to be worthy, committed to one'sp duty of respect and loyalty to the emperor, focused on ensuring the general good of the people, and accountable to one's superiors. Even the provincial governors were supervised by inspectors sent from the emperor.




"The Han Dynasty: Politics, Ideology, and Empire (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO,2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.



4. What is the Silk Road?

SOCIAL


The Silk Road was a very useful international trade route between the east and the west.



Li, Xiaoxiao. "Silk Road." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013

5. How far did the Silk Road extend?

ECONOMIC


The Silk Road was a land trade route stretching from the ancient Chinese capital city Changan in the east, through Gansu and Xinjiang Provinces, and to central and Western Asia totaling to a 7,000 kilometer route.



Li, Xiaoxiao. "Silk Road." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013

6. What kind of products were exchanged on the Silk Road?

ECONOMIC


China imported a variety of food such as grapes, walnuts, carrots, peppers, beans, spinach, cucumbers, and pomegranates. Also, Asian and European merchants brought to China rare animals, birds, plants, furs, medicines, spices, and all kinds of jewelry.



Li, Xiaoxiao. "Silk Road." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013

7. How did the Silk Road impact religion? Be specific.

SOCIAL


The Silk Road was a major trade route across asia and even into Europe. This impacted religion because the people who traveled and traded on it experienced different cultures and brought back new religion ideas



"The Han Dynasty: Politics, Ideology, and Empire (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.

8. Why were marriages arranged in the Han Dynasty?

SOCIAL


Although romantic love was not discouraged, a marriage was more about joining two clans as opposed to individuals. The father had the biggest say in who is son/daughter could marry, but the grandfather had the final say. The new wife would then have to go into the new family's temple to be accepted so she could be properly worshipped after she dies.




"The Han Dynasty: Politics, Ideology, and Empire (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.

9. What role did women play in the Han Dynasty?

SOCIAL


The woman represented the softer side of yin and yang. The woman was to compliment the mans virtues (such as strength and stubbornness) with virtues such as respect and compliance. The Han woman was to do the will of first her father, then her husband, then her adult son, though this was not always the case. There were many reports of Han men seeking advice from their wives on political disputes and other things



"The Han Dynasty: Politics, Ideology, and Empire (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.


10. Describe the public education system in the Han Dynasty and what principles did it emphasize?

SOCIAL


Wudi established academies and scholarships so that more men could be educated in Confucian classic literature. (principles and beliefs of confucius)

They utilizes the Book of the Mountains and Seas that covered everything about geography.



"Confucianism." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013.

11. Why did the imperial government give more power to provincial governors towards the end of the Han Dynasty? What kind of powers did these governors have?

POLITICAL


Toward the end of han dynasty, nomadic neighbors started to invade.

Provincial Government gained more power to protect themselves from invasions.

Collecting taxes

Building their own army


"The Han Dynasty: Politics, Ideology, and Empire (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013

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12. What factors eventually led to the downfall of the Han Dynasty?

DOWNFALL


Eventually became cynical and fatalistic. Started Rebelling

(all people were not good, believed that everything was predetermined by fate.)

Army generals declared themselves warlords of their territory.



"The Decline of the Han (Overview)." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Oct. 2013


Discovering China - The Han Dynasty-China's First Golden Age