New England Colonies
The Beginning of the New England Colonies
- In the year 1620, the pilgrims landed on what was known afterwards as the Plymouth colony. When the pilgrims found the Plymouth colony, it sparked the birth of the New England colonies.
- The reason for this act was to provide a sanctuary for those escaping religious persecution back in England.
- The New England colonies were Massachusetts (founded by the Puritans), Rhode Island (founded by Roger Williams, who disliked the Puritan leaders' beliefs, and believed that people could worship freely), Connecticut (Thomas Hooker, a minister, led about a 100 colonists to the Connecticut River because he desired for a place where all men can vote), and New Hampshire (founded by John Mason).
The Economy of the New England Colonies
- The economy and trade of these colonies were deeply affected by the geography and climate in the northeastern area. The colonists that lived in the towns near the coast made their living by fishing, shipbuilding, and whaling. Whale oil was a valuable item of trade because it was a necessary fuel to light up lamps.
- The colonists had difficulties in farming because of the poor soil and the harsh climate, which brings about bitter cold and long winters. However, whenever they did farm, they had planted enough food to sustain themselves, but not for trade.
The Political/Governmental Structures of New England
- Massachusetts : Since the Puritans formed the Massachusetts Bay colony, religion affected the most of the functions of their government system, e.g, only male church members could vote observe the government. However the colony was a royal province that was operating under a charter.
- Rhode Island: It had a chartered government, which means it was a self-governing colony. They did practiced town meetings, and the colonists were independent under their charter.
- Connecticut: Like Rhode Island, it was a chartered colony that did not limit voting rights to the Puritan church members.
- New Hampshire: It was governed as a royal colony because Sir Edmund Andros revoked its charter after King James II decided that the New England colonies were too independent.
Native Americans in the New England Area:
The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement emphasized the necessity for people to be educated. Its ideals combined confidence in human reason with skepticism toward beliefs not founded on science or strict logic.
The Great Awakening was a religious revival. It opened unprecedented splits in American Protestantism.