Atomic # - 58 / Atomic mass - 140.13 amu
21 December, 2015
Chemical and Physical properties
Chemical Properties - It is very reactive. It tarnishes readily in the air, it oxidizes slowly in cold water and rapidly in hot water. It dissolves in acids. It can burn when heated or scratched with a knife.
Where on the periodic table
Uses of Cerium.
Cerium is the major components of mischmetal alloy. The best-known use for this alloy is in flints for cigarette lighters. Cerium makes sparks when struck.
Cerium oxide has uses as a catalyst. It is used in the inside walls of self-cleaning ovens to prevent the build-up of cooking residues. It also used in catalytic converters. Cerium oxide nanoparticles are being studied as an additive for diesel fuel to help it burn completely and reduce exhaust emissions.
Cerium sulfide is a non-toxic compound that is a red rich color and it's used for pigment.
Cerium is also used in flat-screen TV's, low-energy light bulbs and floodlights.
Where It's Found
Cerium was discovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius and Welhelm von Hisinger, Swedish chemists, and independently by MartinHeinrich Klaproth, a german chemist, in 1803. Cerium is named for the asteroid, Ceres, which in turn was named after the Roman God of agriculture.