Final Review Smore

Chloe Rosario

Nathaniel Bacon

  • 1676

  • Farmer

  • Bacon's Rebellion - disgruntled citizens rebelled against the Governor

John Locke

  • 1704

  • English Philosopher

  • Natural Rights - People born with rights of Life, Liberty, Property

  • Social Contract Theory - People give up rights for protection

George Washington

  • 1789-1797-Federalist

  • First President of the United States

  • Shaped the Executive & Judicial System

  • Established expectations of two terms

  • Put down the Whiskey Rebellion = Tax

  • Excellent Delegate

Thomas Jefferson

  • 1801-1809 as President

  • Responsible for Louisiana Purchase

  • Sent out Lewis & Clark Expedition

  • Marbury vs. Madison Case (1803) - Established Judicial Review

James Madison

  • 1809-1817 as a President

  • The War of 1812 - U.S. vs. Britain over territory/Native Americans

  • Treaty of Ghent - War of 1812 Peace Treaty, declared armistice

  • White House burned down by British

Massachusetts

  • Founded in 1630 by John Winthrop

  • Religion: Puritan

  • Name means "at the hill"

New York

  • Founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit

  • Religion: Diverse

  • Named after the Duke of York

Pennsylvania

  • Founded in 1682 by William Penn

  • Religion: Quakers

  • Name: Family Name

  • "sylvania" =forest

Virginia

  • Founded in 1607 by John Smith

  • Religion: Anglican

  • Named after Queen Elizabeth 1

North Carolina

  • Founded in 1653 by Virginia Colonists

  • Religion: Anglican

  • Named for Latin word for "Charles" after Charles 1 of England

Cotton Gin

  • Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793

  • Revolutionized the cotton industry, especially in the South

  • Created a need for more slaves and faster labor


Barbed Wire

  • Patented by Lucien B. Smith in 1867

  • Used as fencing

  • Great and effective for restricting livestock to a certain area

  • Fit well in the westward way of life.

Transcontinental Railroad

  • It stretched across the United States

  • An easier way of transporting people and goods

  • Time-saving

Telegraph

  • Created by Samuel Morse
  • Invented in 1837
  • Created instant communication with people

Riding Plow

  • Created by John Deere
  • invented in 1837
  • Allowed farmers to turn heavy sod easily that made farming less physical.

Whiskey Rebellion

  • A revolt of settlers against a federal tax on Whiskey

Shay's Rebellion

  • An uprising led by a former militia officer, Daniel Shays, which broke out in western Massachusetts in 1786.

Black Hawk War

  • A brief 1832 conflict between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader

American Revolution

  • The war for American independence from Britain.
  • The fighting began with the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775 and lasted through the Battle of Yorktown in 1781.

Bleeding Kansas

  • A term used to describe the period of violence during the settling of the Kansas territory.