You Can't Get Over It
Location and Why it was built
Hadrian's Wall is located in Northern Britain and stretches for nearly 120 km from Solwat Firth in the west to the Tyne River near Newcastle in the east. The wall was built under the direction of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the second century to keep the Caledonians of Scotland out of England.
The wall is 8-10 feet wide, and 15 feet high and is made from stone. Along the wall, the Romans built a system of small forts called milecastles (housing garrisons of up to 60 men) every Roman mile along its entire length, with towers every 1/3 of a mile. Sixteen larger forts holding from 500 to 1000 troops were also built into the wall, with large gates on the north face. To the south of the wall the Romans dug a wide ditch, (vallum) with six foot high earth banks.
When it was built
Hadrian's Wall was started in AD 122 the project was not completely finished until 128 AD, six years later.
Hadrian was born on January 24th, 76 A.D. During Hadrian's rule he worked on reforms and consolidated the Roman provinces. Hadrian toured his empire for 11 years. Not all was peaceful though. When Hadrian tried to build a temple to Jupiter on the site of Solomon's temple, the Jews revolted in a war lasting three years. The wall was the northernmost boundary of the Roman empire until early in the fifth century. Hadrian died on July 10, 138, having been emperor since 117.
Today many of the stones have been carted away and recycled into other buildings, but the wall is still there for people to explore and walk along, although this is discouraged.