Organelles

The different type of organelles

Cell (or plasma) membrane

Description: It's not a solid structure. It's made of smaller molecules.

Function: Holds cell pieces inside and only let some things in and out.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both


Cell Wall

Description: Made of specialized sugars called cellulose.

Function: Provides a frame to protect the plant cell to survive.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both.


Cytoplasm

Description: A filling fluid in the mitchondria

Function: Gives the cell it's shape

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both

Nucleus

Description: Somewhere in the middle of the cytoplasm

Function: Helps control eating, movement, & reproductive.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both


Nuclear Membrane


Description: Double-layered membrane surrounding the nucleus

Function: Keeps DNA inside the nucleus to protect it from surrounding substances.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both

Nucleolus

Description: A round body located inside the nucleus

Function: Makes protein inside the cell

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Plant cells


Centrioles


Description: A small set of the of microtubules arranged in a specific way

Function: Help cell divide when necessary

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Animal

Chromatin

Description: Organized into several levels

Function: The combination of DNA and proteins that make up the contents of the nucleus of a cell

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Plant


Ribosomes


Description: Found inside the molecules

Function: Deciphers what kind of protein it should make.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both

Golgi Apparatus

Description: It's flattened stacks of membrane

Function: Works to package, tag, and ship protein to it designation

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both


Endoplasmic Reticulum

Description: A network of membranes found throughout the cell and connected to the nucleus

Function: Functions as a manufacturing and packaging system

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both

Mitochondria

Description: Outer membrane, inner membrane folds

Function: Provides power/energy

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both


Chloroplast


Description: Outer membrane inner membrane surround the stroma cell

Function: Aids in photosynthesis

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Plant

Lysosomes

Description: Specialized vesicle (helps transmit stuff in and out of the cell) that holds a variety of enzymes

Function: Digest things

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Animals

Peroxisomes

Description: Small Vesicles, single membrane with digestive enzymes

Function: Absorb nutrients play as a part in the way organisms digest alcohol.

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both


Vacuole

Description: Membrane surrounds a mass of fluid- nutrients or waste products

Function: Store foods or any variety of nutrients, stores waste

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both

Cytoskeleton

Description: Thick, strong spirals of thousands of subunits

Function: Cell shape, determines shape of the cell

Plant cell, animal cell, or both: Both