River Valley Project

Hunter piedlau, Madhu, Deja per.4

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-Location, Rivers

Location: 33.7000° N, 43.5000° E between Iraq and Iran.

Rivers: all the main rivers are the Euphrates river which is located in the western area and the Tigris river which is located in the eastern area.

-Three disadvantages and the solutions

1.Problem: There were floods and droughts.
2.Solution: The invention of irrigation.

1.Problem: The soil was very much like clay.
2.Solution: They found plants that could grow in their kind of soil.

1.Problem: They were open to attacks and invasions because of the way they were geographically exposed.

2.Solution: They assigned guards on duty and walls/ barriers for protection against any invaders.

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-Meaning of Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia: (Translates to "area or country between two rivers"—the Tigris and the Euphrates.) Its the region SW Asia between the Tigris & the Euphrates extending from the mountains of E Asia Minor to the Persian Gulf.


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-Why is it called the Fertile Crescent?

The "fertile crescent" refers to an ancient area of fertile soil and important rivers stretching in an arc from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates. It covers Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq. The Mediterranean lies on the outside edge of the arc. To the south of the arc is the Arabian Desert. On the east, the Fertile Crescent extends to the Persian Gulf. Geologically, this corresponds with where Iranian, African, and Arabian tectonic plates meet.

It is naturally called the fertile crescent because the area is shaped like a moon on the crescent rotation.


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-Fertile Crescent - Silt

Silt is a mixture of fertile soil and tiny rocks that can make land ideal for farming.

Silt had a huge impact on the fertile crescent, it aloud the Mesopotamia to grow crops with ease due to the amount of rich soil flooding the areas. It let them plant in areas that they couldn't anywhere else.