Concussions in the NFL
and the long term effects
What is a concussion?
What are some of the long term effects of concussions?
Computed Tomography scan of a regular brain
Computed Tomography scan of a concussed brain
Computed Tomography of a brain after head trauma
Cocussions by the numbers
-About 1.6-3.8 million people suffer a concussion every year
-5%-10% of athletes face a concussion in any given sport
-Less than 10% of sport related concussions result in loss of consciousness
-75% of males that play football suffer from concussions
-78% of concussions occur in games rather than practices
-Football players receive anywhere from 900 to 1500 blows to the head a season
How does the NFL handle concussions?
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy- "Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a form of tauopathy, is a progressive degenerative disease found in people who have had a severe blow to the head. The disease was previously called dementia pugilistica."
Traumatic Brain Injury- "Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called acquired brain injury or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue."
Concussion- "Temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. The term is also used loosely of the aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity."