Concussions in the NFL

and the long term effects

What is a concussion?

A concussion is fierce shock from a big impact. Although it is said that there is no form of light brain injuries, a concussion is classified as a mild traumatic brain injury. During impact the brain can hit the inside of your skull and be bruised. Concussions usually take a couple of weeks to heal. But in some cases they can worsen overtime and cause life threatening swelling in the brain.

What are some of the long term effects of concussions?

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE is a progressive degenerative brain disorder found in athletes and people who have had symptoms of concussions or repetitive blows to the head. This is one of the worst long term effects of a concussion due to the fact that it worsens as time goes on and it can not be diagnosed until death. Concussions can aslo cause serious diseases like depression and Parkinson's disease.

Cocussions by the numbers

-About 1.6-3.8 million people suffer a concussion every year

-5%-10% of athletes face a concussion in any given sport

-Less than 10% of sport related concussions result in loss of consciousness

-75% of males that play football suffer from concussions

-78% of concussions occur in games rather than practices

-Football players receive anywhere from 900 to 1500 blows to the head a season

How does the NFL handle concussions?

The NFL's concussion protocol is extremely weak. There are players getting hurt and people who have experienced these types of head trauma have been experiencing some of the long term effects of concussions. Almost 4,000 players are suing the NFL for not having a strong concussion protocol. Players have been severely effected by the NFL's incompetence in developing a set concussion protocol.

My Terms

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy- "Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a form of tauopathy, is a progressive degenerative disease found in people who have had a severe blow to the head. The disease was previously called dementia pugilistica."

Traumatic Brain Injury- "Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called acquired brain injury or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue."

Concussion- "Temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. The term is also used loosely of the aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity."