The Major Religons of the World

Coppell High school World Geography

Hinduism- the religion that is culture in 80% of India

Hinduism, also known as Sanatan Dharm, (‘Sanatan’ means eternal and ‘Dharm’ means those actions) is unique among the world religions for it has no founder or date of origin. Hinduism is simply the religion of the people of India, which has gradually developed over four thousand years. The origins and authors of its sacred texts are largely unknown, though the writings within the Vedas and the Pandishads are widely validated as reference material.

Hinduism's roots date back as far as 2000 BC, making it one of the oldest surviving religions. The most ancient writings have yet to be deciphered, so the earliest periods scholars rely on educated guesses based on archaeology and the study of contemporary texts. some basic beliefs are that of reincarnation, the proper reward for actions(karma), sattvic practices such as austerity, and realization. There is a ritualistic holiday called Holi where colored powders are thrown in the air and at the participants, as well as the holiday of the day of Mahashivaratri is spent in meditation on shiva and fasting (some may take water or fruit) within temple walls. There is also the Ceremony of the Sacred Thread which is similar to the Jewish bar Mitzvah, for the adolescent goes from child to man.

Hunduism is a monotheistic religion, Krishn is the absolute form of God. Though she is of many faces (including male and animal), she has three main personalities, as they are sometimes referred to; they are, Brahma the god of creation (of the universe), Vishnu the goddess of preserving the universe, and Shiva is the goddess of destruction.


Holi Festival

Big image

Hinduism

_________________________

Buddhism

Big image

Buddhism

The founder of Buddhism, the buddha or the "enlightened one" was, Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhism is neither monotheistic or polytheistic for they believe in not a God, but in the humans ability to achieve enlightenment. The purpose of their life is to develop compassion for all living beings without discrimination and to work for their good, happiness, peace; and to develop wisdom leading to the realization of the Ultimate Truth and the achievement of Nirvana. There are four Noble Truths that lead to the achievement of Nirvana, or the end of suffering, they are described and named in the video below. The texts that were realized as true was vast, but the earliest texts of buddhist teachings were in the Tripitaka. but they also have the sutras that number of the thousands.


Rituals and practices of Buddhism are Meditation, (or central focus), Mantras (the sacred sounds), Mudras (symbolic hand gestures), and the prayer wheel (reciting Mantras with the turn of a wheel)


Major Holidays of buddhism are Vesak (buddha Day) is the birthday of the buddha, celebrated on the first full moon in May, the festival of the Floating bowl, and the festival of the tooth.

What is Buddhism? How is it Distinctive from other religions?

___________________________

Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. The Arabic word islam means "submission," reflecting the religion's central tenet of submitting to the will of God. They believe in one God who created the world and cares about the behavior and beliefs of human beings. islamic Rituals and practices are defined by the Five Pillars of Islam: faith, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage and alms. Their God, Allah in Arabic, is the same God of Jewish and Christian religions. Their Holy Book, like the Christian bible, is the Qur'an (Koran). It holds the writings of Allah.

The major holidays of the Islamic communities are Ramadan ( the holy month), Eid Al-Fitr (Festival of breaking the fast), Hijra (Islamic new year), and Eid Al-Adha (festival of the sacrifice).

Big image
What is Islam by Dr Zakir Naik (GREAT)

____________________________

Judaism

Big image

Judaism


Judaism is a set of beliefs and practices originating in the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Tanakh, and also told of in the Talmud. Jews consider Judaism as a expression of the covenantal relationship God developed with the Children of Israel (originally a group of twelve tribes claiming descent from the Biblical patriarch Jacob) and later, the Jewish people.

Judaism claims a historical continuity spanning more than 3000 years. It is one of the oldest monotheistic religions. They believe in a God of faith, forgiveness, love, compassion, and acceptance. Its texts, traditions, and values have inspired later Abrahamic religions, including Christianity, Islam and the Baha'i Faith.

Holidays of Judaism Rosh Hashanah (Jewish new year), Yom Kippur (Day of atonement), sukkot (the Festival of booths), and Hanukkah (the Festival of Lights).

There is a special ritual that is performed at Hanukkah, the lighting of the Menorah.



What Is Judaism?

___________________________

Christianity

Christianity was founded in the early 1st century AD, with the teaching, miracles, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, but falls under the under denomination of Trinitarian monotheism, which hold that God is One, but made of three distinct "persons"; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Today it is the largest religion in the world, with around 2 billion followers. Especially dominant in the western world, today's Christianity has a wide variety of forms, beliefs and practices but all center around faith in Jesus Christ. Christians believe Jesus was the savior foretold in the Hebrew scriptures, the Messiah. They believe in life after earthly death, a heaven and hell; that Jesus died on the Cross for our sins (wrong doings) so we could reach God in heaven and was reborn/resurrected.


There are dozens of denominations within Christianity, but the most commonly looked upon are Catholic, Baptist, Methodist, Church of England, and Anglican. All denominations believe in the Holy Spirit, and Jesus Christ, but they interpret different sections of the holy text within the bible and ideas differently, causing a small but distinct gap in beliefs. Rituals include the ritual of baptism, which is the sprinkling or submersion on a person in water, offering, you give 10% of what you have to the church as a sacrifice to God and all that he gives you, and communion or Eucharist, a ceremonial meal of bread and wine (for younger participants grape juice) to commemorate the sacrifice of Jesus on the Cross.

Holidays include Christmas (the birth of Jesus), Easter (the death and entombment of Jesus), Thanksgiving (the time to give thanks for what God has given you),and sundays, though sundays are not a holiday they are Gods day and a day of rest.

Big image
What is Christianity?

Bibliography

"Hindu Holidays & Festivals." Hindu Holidays and Festivals. N.p., n.d. Web. 13

Nov. 2013. <http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/holidays.htm>.


"Buddhism: introduction ." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013

<http://www.pbs.org/edens/thailand/buddhism.htm>.


"Hindu Holidays & Festivals." Hindu Holidays and Festivals. Anonymous , n.d.

Web. 13 Nov. 2013

<http://www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/holidays.htm>.


"Kaaba." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 5 Feb. 2013. Web. 15 Nov. 2013

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaaba>.


" The Religion that is islam." The Religion of Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013

<http://www.islamreligion.com/>.


"Torah Philosophy." : Why I Choose Judaism. Independent, n.d. Web. 13 Nov.

2013. <http://www.torahphilosophy.com/2011/02/why-i-choose

judaism.html>.


"Judaism - Crystalinks." Judaism - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013

<http://www.crystalinks.com/judaism.html>.