Brain Cancer

By Cameron, Zach, and Chris

What is brain cancer?

  • Brain tumors are abnormal growths of cells in the brain.
  • Although such growths are mostly called brain tumors, not all brain tumors are cancer. Cancer is a term reserved for malignant tumors.
  • Malignant tumors can grow and spread aggressively, overpowering healthy cells by taking their space, blood, and nutrients.
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Tumors

the tumors can be either classified as benign or malignant. The malignant tumors are cancerous and can be dangerous to the human body. This is actually the cancer part of it.
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Treatment options

Surgery

Craniotomy

Drugs

Chemotherapy

Tomotherapy and Radiation therapy

Side Effects of Treatment Options

Hair loss, Fatigue, nervous system disorders, more immune to common sicknesses, and blood disorders.
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Symptoms

Headache: can be persistent or severe


Muscular: difficulty walking, muscle weakness, problems with coordination, weakness of one side of the body, or weakness of the arms and legs


Whole body: balance disorder, dizziness, fatigue, or vertigo


Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting


Sensory: pins and needles or reduced sensation of touch


Cognitive: inability to speak or understand or mental confusion


Speech: difficulty speaking or impaired voice


Also common: blurred vision, personality change, seizures, or sleepiness
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Screening methods

The one way to find a brain tumor is a brain scan, like a CT or MRI scan. Another way would be a spinal tap or lumbar puncture.

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Statistics

Brain Cancer is the most common cancer in people under 19


More than 78,000 cases of brain cancer are expected to be diagnosed this year


There are 700,000 people in the US living with brain cancer


Around 16,500 men and women will die of brain cancer this year

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Prevention

In general, there are no known ways to prevent brain cancer. Some obvious things are to avoid radiation and toxic chemicals, especially around the head. We can only notice it quicker to start treatments sooner.
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Risk Factors

Men are more likely than women to develop a brain tumor


Only 5% of brain tumors are related to hereditary factors


Studies are now showing that cell phone use is increasing the risk that you may develop a brain tumor


Children or older adults are more likely to develop a brain tumor

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New Discoveries

Blood-Barrier disruption: this technique temporarily shuts down the protective barrier on the brain and allows chemotherapy to break through to the cancer better


Palliative care: Clinical trial are going on to find better ways of controlling the symptoms and side effects of brain tumor and all cancer treatments so it increases the patients quality of life.

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Charities

One great brain tumor charity is the National Brain Tumor Society.

They are dependent on donations and use they money towards funding research projects, policy agenda in our government, and improving the pace of drug development.

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