By: Caleb Gainey
8.L.1.2 Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.
Epidemic-An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region
Pandemic-An Epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world.
Difference Between Epidemic and Pandemic
Epidemic-An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region.
Pandemic-And epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world.
Vector-An organism typically an insect, that transmits disease
Pathogen-A virus, bacteria, fungi, parasite, or protozoa that can cause illness and infection.
Protozoa-Diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi
Virus-A non-living pathogen that can change mutate. It infects a host cell and replicates to cause illness and disease.
Bacteria-Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease. Multiply rapidly and can form colonies
Parasite-An organism that lives in or on another organism, called a host, taking nutrients and often harming it in the process.
Fungi-A single-celled or multi-cellular organism that can decompose or absorb organic matter.
Host Cell-A call that a virus invades, take over, and makes copies of itself.
Quarantine-A time or place of isolation in which people or animals that have been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.