Aravind Gudipudi 2nd Period


Vietnam is a beautiful country with majestic sites that will amuse you. Vietnam has a booming population of about 91,519,289 people in 2012. Vietnam is a not that modern, but the noon-modernness will amuse you. Even though Vietnam is Communist, a visit to Vietnam will let you have a taste of the positive points that Communism has. Vietnam also includes many American fast foods such as McDonalds, Subway, and the one and only KFC. If you are wondering whether you should go to Vietnam, then read this Smore to make your desicion.

"Land of The Beauty"

Geography of Vietnam

Vietnam, a country commonly described as a bamboo pole with rice baskets on either ends, is a long, narrow country, shaped like an S.It is approximately 1030 miles (1657 km) from its northern most tip at the border of China, near the Tropic of Cancer, to its southern most tip, point Ca Mau, Just a little way north of the equator. At its narrowest point, in the center of Vietnam, it is only 30 miles( 48 km) across, and at its widest it stretches 350 miles( 560 Km). Vietnam has a 1800 mile (2897 Km) coastline and has an area of around 128,000 square miles ( 331, 518 Km), which is about the size on New Mexico. The country is Bordered by China in the north, and by Laos and Cambodia in the west. It is bordered by the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonkin in the east. To the south and southwest is the Gulf of Thailand. all the bodies of water that were mentioned are part of the Pacific Ocean.

Climate of Vietnam

The climate of Vietnam varies greatly from one region of the country to another. The climate of Vietnam varies greatly from one region of the country to another. The south of Vietnam is a mere 8 degrees north of the Equator, whereas the most northern point is almost on the tropic of Cancer. One can't really say that there is one average temperature for all of the country because it is so variable. Most of Vietnam has a sub tropical climate and is hot, at least in the summer, and wet most of the year. Southern Vietnam experiences very little seasonal temperature change. It has a tropical, hot and humid, climate, and has only two real seasons - the monsoon season and the dry season. The monsoon season brings lots of rain, heat, and regular floods. All of Vietnam is affected by monsoons from May until October or November. The average yearly temperature for this southern region is around 80 or 90 degrees F (27-32 degrees C). Northern Vietnam, along the Red River, has hot, wet summers (80-90 F, 27-32 C), similar to those in the south. Winters, lasting from November to April, are drier and much cooler, with temperatures in the 40's and 50's (F) (5-10 degrees C). Winters have scattered showers. The mountainous regions of Vietnam, between the two lowland deltas, and forming a northern border between Vietnam and China are generally cooler. They still get lots of rain, and jungle plants still abound. The mountains, and the coastal areas are subject to seasonal typhoons. Average annual rainfall for Hanoi (north) is about 80 inches . For Ho Chi Minh City (south) it is about 60 inches. Hue, near the central coast gets about 120 inches per year.
Big image

The People of Vietnam

The Vietnamese are descendants of nomadic Mongols from China and migrants from Indonesia. According to mythology, the first ruler of Vietnam was Hung Vuong, who founded the nation in 2879 B.C. China ruled the nation then known as Nam Viet as a vassal state from 111 B.C. until the 15th century, an era of nationalistic expansion, when Cambodians were pushed out of the southern area of what is now Vietnam.

A century later, the Portuguese were the first Europeans to enter the area. France established its influence early in the 19th century, and within 80 years it conquered the three regions into which the country was then divided—Cochin-China in the south, Annam in the central region, and Tonkin in the north.

France first unified Vietnam in 1887, when a single governor-generalship was created, followed by the first physical links between north and south—a rail and road system. Even at the beginning of World War II, however, there were internal differences among the three regions. Japan took over military bases in Vietnam in 1940, and a pro-Vichy French administration remained until 1945. Veteran Communist leader Ho Chi Minh organized an independence movement known as the Vietminh to exploit the confusion surrounding France's weakened influence in the region. At the end of the war, Ho's followers seized Hanoi and declared a short-lived republic, which ended with the arrival of French forces in 1946.

Paris proposed a unified government within the French Union under the former Annamite emperor, Bao Dai. Cochin-China and Annam accepted the proposal, and Bao Dai was proclaimed emperor of all Vietnam in 1949. Ho and the Vietminh withheld support, and the revolution in China gave them the outside help needed for a war of resistance against French and Vietnamese troops armed largely by a United States worried about cold war Communist expansion.

Culture of Vietnam

The Language of Vietnam

Vietnamese, Vietnam's official language, is a tonal language that can be compared to Cambodia's official language, Khmer. With each syllable, there are six different tones that can be used, which change the definition and it often makes it difficult for foreigners to pick up the language.

There are other languages spoken as well such as Chinese, Khmer, Cham and other languages spoken by tribes inhabiting the mountainous regions. Although there are some similarities to Southeast Asian languages, such as Chinese, Vietnamese is thought to be a separate language group, although a member of the Austro-Asiatic language family.

In written form, Vietnamese uses the Roman alphabet and accent marks to show tones. This system of writing called quoc ngu, was created by Catholic missionaries in the 17th century to translate the scriptures. Eventually this system, particularly after World War I, replaced one using Chinese characters (chu nom), which had been the unofficial written form used for centuries.

Sports in Vietnam

Vietnam sports held a significant position in the country's cultural field and have always played a pivotal part in the cultural development of Vietnam.Though sports in Vietnam were not well-organized under the French rule, Vietnamese sportsmen participated in many international sports competitions and events. It is since 1975 that Vietnam sports started improving and getting promoted.Vietnamese games is a wide arena that include a number of sports like soccer, cycling, boxing, swimming, tennis, aerobics, judo, karate etc. The most popular Vietnam sport is soccer. The sports of Vietnam are played by the young people and the country has a number of sports club and training centers for the training of budding sportspeople. The Vietnamese sports which hold a high rank are chess, kung fu and shooting.Vietnamese sports people have participated in a number of international sports and game competitions and festivals. Vietnam sports, thus, it is seen holds national importance in the country.


On the Tet traditional tray of food according to Vietnamese culture, with traditional dishes such as Chung cake, chicken meat, spring rolls and so on, “giò” is one of the dainty morsels. Today, when “giò” almost become daily food and there are more various and attractive dishes on the tray, delicious dish of “giò” cannot be missed... There are many types of “giò” such as: giò lụa (pork-pie), giò bò (beep dumpling), giò bì (pork and skin paste), giò mỡ (lean and fat pork paste), giò xào (fried pie), etc. Each type has a particular taste but the most important thing to make “giò” dish really attractive is that the fragrance of banana leaves and fish sauce combined in the piece of “giò”. Giò xào (fried pie)In all kinds of “giò”, fried pie is the easiest one to prepare, so families often make it themselves when Tet is coming. The main materials are parts of pork such as: ear, nose tongue, pork cheeks and “mộc nhĩ” (cat’s ear). The materials must be subjected to premilitary treatment, boiled through hot water, sliced, mixed with spices, pepper and fried. After wrapping the fried pie, keep it in the refrigerator so that all the materials link together. The pie that is delicious must be wrapped carefully, raw materials must not be too dry and the dish will stir fragrance of the spices.

Population & Ethnic Groups

Today there are about 75 million people in Vietnam. Eighty percent of these are ethnic Vietnamese, while the remaining twenty percent comprises more than fifty separate ethnic groups. About seven million of these ethnic minorities are members of the hill tribes ormontagnards (French for mountain people), making their homes and livelihoods in the spectacular mountains of the north and central highlands. Among the many languages spoken in Vietnam are Vietnamese, Chinese, English, French, and Russian.

Belief Sytem

Vietnam is a country which has a rich and wide variety of religions. These include religions based on popular beliefs, religions brought to Vietnam from the outside, and several indigenous religious groups. As with other countries, the Vietnamese have several popular beliefs, such as animism and theism. The most widespread popular belief among the Vietnamese is the belief in ancestor-worship. In regard to the major world religions, Vietnam is a multi-religious state, with more than 20 million believers, and more than 30,000 places of worship. Buddhism is the largest of the major world religions in Vietnam, with about ten million followers. It was the earliest foreign religion to be introduced in Vietnam, arriving from India in the second century A.D. in two ways, the Mahayana sect via China, and the Hinayana sect via Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos. During the ten-century feudal reign of Vietnam, Buddhism was considered a state religion. At present, Vietnam has more than 20,000 pagodas dedicated to Buddha, with a large number of other pagodas being built or restored. The second largest foreign religion in Vietnam is Catholicism, with about six million followers. Catholicism was introduced to Vietnam by the Spanish, Portuguese, and French missionaries early in the 17th century. There are now more than 6,000 churches engaged in religious activities throughout the country. More than 500 churches damaged during the U.S. air war against Vietnam are being rebuilt. Protestantism came to Vietnam in 1911, and was widely spread throughout Vietnam in 1920, but the number of Protestants in Vietnam is not very large. Islam was introduced to Vietnam long ago, but did not flourish. In addition to these religions originating in other parts of the world, Vietnam has indigenous religions, such as the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao sects, with their holy lands in the city of Tay Ninh and the provinces of Chau Doc and An Giang in the Mekong Delta. The Vietnamese religions have never opposed or competed with one another, but were united in a national united front, the Vietnam Fatherland Front, peacefully coexisting in the Vietnamese community, and contributing to the struggle against foreign aggression for national construction.

Clothing of Vietnam

The Áo bà ba simply consists of a pair of silk pants and a long sleeved, buttoned-down silk shirt. The shirt will be somewhat long and split at the sides of the waist, forming two flaps. In the front of the shirt at the very bottom are typically two pockets.

The garment's simplicity and versatility has contributed to its popularity, as it is used by an overwhelming amount of the population, whether in rural or urban areas. It can be worn while laboring or lounging.

Modern versions allow countless different designs, colors, and embroidery, which have allowed the costume's transition into modern Vietnamese fashion as well.

All of this makes it easy to explain the costume's natural presence in almost every aspect of Vietnamese life.

Government & Citizenship

Vietnam is a one-party spcoialist republic. The Vietnamese Communist party is responsible for overall policy decisions and, according to the constitution, is the sole source of leadership for the government and society. The main government body is the National Assembly, a one-house legislature that is directly elected by the country's citizens every five years. The current leader is Truong Tan Sang.

Vietnam citizens can start voting at the age of 18. The law of Vietnam also says that the law is equal for both male and female. Education in Vietnam is divided in 5 level. Preschool, Primary School, Secondary School, High School, and Higher Education. The main educational goal in Vietnam is improving people’s general knowledge, training quality human resources and nurturing and fostering talent.

Vietnam Economy

Vietnam is a developing country that has made significant strides in improving its economy. In the mid-20th century decades of war devastated Vietnam. While the country was divided, the two Vietnams had different economic systems. In the communist north the state planned the economy, owned and ran the industries, took control of the farmland, and organized farmers.

The economy of Vietnam exports and imports many goods. Some imports are crude oil, textiles and garments, rice, and coffee. Some exports are petroleum products, steel, and fertilizer.