By: Gabriel Penaloza
- Originally students were taught by their parents out of the bible or learned on a hornbook.
- New England region had highest literacy rate.
- The idea that uneducated citizens could ruin the political structure of society scared many republicans into funding public schools.
- Blacks were forbidden to learn to read and write in the South and rarely in the North.
- Taxation for Education:
- Wealthy families funded most public schools.
- (1825 - 1850) ~ Strong support for tax supported education.
- Free education was a key symbol in the democracy.
- Text books promoted patriotism.
- Teachers were initially ill-trained, ill-tempered, and ill-paid.
- Taught only the three R’s: Readin’, Ritin’, and Rithmetic.
- Schools were very inefficient.
Education reformer Horace Mann was born on May 4, 1796 in Franklin, Massachusetts. Mann served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Senate before his appointment as the Massachusetts secretary of education. Mann went on to the U.S. House of Representatives, promoting an agenda of public education and "normal schools" to train teachers
Women's Rights Activist (1815–1902)
Elizabeth cady stanton
Born on November 12, 1815, in Johnstown, New York, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an abolitionist and leading figure of the early woman's movement. An eloquent writer, her Declaration of Sentiments was a revolutionary call for women's rights across a variety of spectrums. Stanton was the president of the National Woman Suffrage Association for 20 years and worked closely with Susan B. Anthony.
Mary Lyon was born on February 28, 1797, in Buckland, Massachusetts. She attended school until she was 13, and got her first job as a teacher while still in her teens. Mary Lyon taught and managed schools in Massachusetts and New Hampshire before establishing Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in 1837, the first college for women. Lyon died in 1849.
John B Gough
“The Dangers of Moderate Drinking” excerpt written by Gough:
Edward C. Delavan
Extension of democrasy
Anti slavery Movement
Theodore D. Weld
William Lloyd Garrison
William Lloyd Garrison was born December 10, 1805 in Newburyport, Massachusetts. In 1830 he started an abolitionist paper, The Liberator. In 1832 he helped form the New England Antislavery Society. When the Civil War broke out, he continued to blast the Constitution as a pro-slavery document. When the civil war ended, he at last saw the abolition of slavery. He died May 24, 1879 in New York City.