Organelles

Endia Brown

Plasma or Cell Membrane

Description/Structure:

Proteins and phospholids make up most of the membrane structure.

Function:

Holds cell pieces and fluids inside the cell and keeps any nasty things outside of the cell shape.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Cell Wall

Description/Structure:

Are made of specialized sugars cellulose , plasma esmata

Small holes in walls.

Function:

Help plant keep shape. Protect the cells.

This is Present in Plant cells.

Cytoplasm

Description/Structure:

Microfilaments and microtubules set up a skeleton of the cell and cytosol fills the spaces.

Function: Jelly-like fluids that fills a cell.

This is Present in Both animals and plants cells.

Nucleus

Description/Structure:

Chromatin inside with DNA and RNA

Function:

Brain of the cell

This is Present in Both animals and plants cells.

Centrioles

Description/Structure:

A small set of microtubules arranged in specific way. 9 groups of microtubules.

Function:

Help cell when it divides for mitosis and meiosis. Threads- mitotic spindle

This is Present in animal cells.

Ribosomes

Description/Structure:

Packet two parts large and small.

Function:

Protein builders or protein synthesizers of the cell.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Golgi Apparatus

Description/Structure:

Series of membranes shaped like pancakes.

Function:

Packs organelles/macromolecules

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Description/Structure:

Smooth and rough ER.

Function:

Manufacturing and package system.

This is Present in animal and plant cells.

Mitochondria

Description/Structure:

Double membrane onto smooth inner convolved higher plant cells.

Function:

Powerhouse of cell takes nutrients, break them down and create energy.

This is Present in both animals and plant cells.

Chloroplast

Description/Structure:

Oval like shape.

Function:

Plants cell chlorophyll responsible for the plant green color and the ability to absorb.

This is Present in plant cells.

Lysosomes

Description/Structure:

Hold enzymes that were erupted by the cell.

Function:

Digest things.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Peroxisomes

Description/Structure:

Hold on enzymes that require oxygen.

Function:

Plant- can convert fat to sugar and use it

Animal-protects cells from toxins.

Nuclear Membrane

Description/Structure:

They are phospholipid bilayers.

Function:

Acts as a barrier that separates the contents of the nucleus from cytoplasm.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Nucleolus

Description/Structure:

Made up of proteins and ribonucleic acids (RNA).

Function:

They rewrite RNA and combine it with proteins.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Vacuole

Description/Structure:

A membrane that surrounds a membrane that surrounds a mass of fluid.

Function:

Storage bubbles found in cells.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Cytoskeleton

Description/Structure:

They are stress fibers in endothelial.

Function:

This helps maintain cell shape.

This is Present in both animal and plant cells.

Chromatin

Description/Structure:

Complex of macromolecules found in cells.

Function:

Package DNA into smaller volume to fit in cell.