Jimmy Carter

Mungiguerra, Champagne, Gamboa and Baker

Iran Hostage Crisis, 1979

Title

Iran Hostage Crisis

November 4, 1979


Summary of Event

The Crisis began with Carter allowing an Iranian exiled leader into the United States to get cancer treatment. When this was allowed, the people of Iran attacked the American Embassy and they seized 66 hostages. A few days after the attack, 14 hostages were released, but the rest of the Americans were kept in captivity. Carter tried to execute Operation Eagle Claw, but the operation was unsuccessful and caused many deaths as a result. Carter was unable to gain back the Americans which were captured, therefore he was becoming known as a weak and ineffectual leader. The 1980 election was held and Carter was not reelected, instead Ronald Reagan was elected. Just a few hours after Reagan was elected, the captives from Iran were released.


Impact of event on the U.S. and World at that time & the present

Caused the U.S. to elect Reagan, and not re-elect Carter.

Panama Canal Treaty

Title

Panama Canal Treaty was signed September 7, 1977


Summary of Event

President Jimmy Carter signed the Panama Canal Treaty and Neutrality Treaty which promised to give control of the Panama Canal to the Panamanians by 2000.


Impact of event on the U.S. and World at that time & the present

The Panama Canal provides a shortcut for ships traveling between the Atlantic and Pacific. The neutrality part of this treaty also gave the US permanent authority to defend the canal if it were placed under threat.

"Stagflation"

Title

1970's

Economic condition in which inflation as well as stagnant business activity exist together along with increasing unemployment rate


Summary of Event

  • President Jimmy Carter tried to combat the economic weakness and unemployment by increasing government spendings and establishing voluntary wage and price guidelines in an effort to control inflation. (both were very unsuccessful)
  • Government spending programs called for the Federal Reserve to expand the money supply and within two years inflation had climbed to 13.3 %
  • However, a more successful attack on inflation was the deregulation of many industries such as airlines, trucking, and railroads. Support for deregulation continued beyond Carter’s administration as well.


Impact of event on the U.S. and World at that time & the present

Stagflation took a major toll on the US economy. It impacted the supply and demand for certain goods as well as the number of imports and exports. Ultimately, stagflation hurt the US economy and led to new spendings and regulations.


Video

5:20ish-9:00

Ford, Carter, and the Economic Malaise: Crash Course US History #42

Soviet Union invades Afghanistan

Title

1979


Summary of Event

Soviet war in Afghanistan lasted 9 years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Part of the Cold War it was fought between Soviet-led Afghan forces against multi-national insurgent groups called the Mujahideen, mostly composed of two alliances – the Peshawar Seven and the Tehran Eight.



Impact of event on the U.S. and World at that time & the present

This escalated the Cold war eventually leading Carter to boycott the 1980’s olympics in Moscow. These events lead into the decline of Carter’s popularity for the upcoming presidential election where Reagan won.

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan Documentary

Boycott of olympics in Moscow to protest invasion of Afghanistan

Title

January 20, 1980


Summary of Event

President Jimmy Carter informed the group U.S. athletes that they would not be attending the 1980 olympics in Moscow due to the Soviet incursion into Afghanistan. The was the first and only time that the United States had not attended the olympics.


Impact of event on the U.S. and World at that time & the present

This decision had no impact on the Soviet Union Policy, therefore the Russians did not withdrawal from the olympics.