Art and History Museum


Cubism is the breaking of three-dimensional objects into fragments and composed into complex patterns of angles and planes.

A very famous cubist painter is Pablo Picasso. Born in Malaga, Spain, in 1881, Pablo Picasso, became one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century and the creator (with Georges Braque) of Cubism. A Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, Pablo was considered radical in his work. After a long prolific career, he died April 8, 1973, in Mougins, France.

Georges Braque was a 20th century French painter who invented Cubism with Pablo Picasso. Through his career, his style changed to portray somber subjects during wartime and lighter, freer themes in between. He never strayed far from Cubism, as there were always aspects of it in his works. Braque died on August 31, 1963, in Paris.

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The Weeping Woman

This is a painting by Pablo Picasso. This is very obviously cubism because the painting was composed using fragments put together into a complex pattern.

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Port en Normandie

This is a painting by Georges Braque. This is cubism because it was composed using fragments put together to make a complex pattern.


Abstract is an art form that does not attempt to represent external reality, but seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures.

A famous abstract painter is Wassily Kandinsky. Born in Moscow in 1866, Wassily Kandinsky took up the study of art in earnest at age 30, moving to Munich to study drawing and painting. A trained musician, Kandinsky approached color with a musician’s sensibility. An obsession with Monet led him to explore his own creative concepts of color on canvas, which were sometimes controversial among his contemporaries and critics, but Kandinsky emerged as a respected leader of the abstract art movement in the early 20th century.

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Aquarell 6

This painting by Wassily Kandinsky is abstract because it is achieving the effect of something in reality, without actually being that somehting


Dada is a art style that is seen as a revolt against civilization, and as a life without discipline or morality.

A famous dada artis is Hans (or Jean) Arp. Arp was a founding member of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. In 1920, Hans, along with Max Ernst and the social activist Alfred Grunwal, set up the Cologne Dada group.

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Shirt Front and Fork

This painting by Hans Arp is dadaism because it is whatever Hans made it to be. He didn't make it how civilization sees it. He revolted against civilization by making this something without any discipline.


Surrealism is a movement that attempts to portray the workings of the unconscious mind.

A famous surrealist artist is Salvador Dali. Salvador Dalí was born on May 11, 1904, in Figueres, Spain. From an early age, Dalí was encouraged to practice his art and would eventually go on to study at an academy in Madrid. In the 1920s, he went to Paris and began interacting with artists such as Picasso, Magritte and Miro, which led to Dalí's first Surrealist phase. He is perhaps best known for his 1931 painting The Persistence of Memory, showing melting clocks in a landscape setting. The rise of fascist leader Francisco Franco in Spain led to the artist's expulsion from the Surrealist movement, but that didn't stop him from painting. Dalí died in Figueres in 1989

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The Persistence of Memory

This painting by Salvador Dali is surrealism because it is something that only the unconscious mind would see. It is not something that an aware person would think about. He is portraying the workings of the unconscious mind.


Architecture is the complex and carefully designed structure of something, it is also the art or practice of designing or constructing buildings.

A famous architect is Frank Lloyd Wright. Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8, 1867, in Richland Center, Wisconsin. After college, he became chief assistant to architect Louis Sullivan. Wright then founded his own firm and developed a style known as the Prairie school, which strove for an "organic architecture" in designs for homes and commercial buildings. Over his career he created numerous iconic buildings. He died April 9, 1959.

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This house made by Frank Lloyd Wright was built over a waterfall in Pennsylvania