By : Sheher Bano 7C
This is Picket Pin, a Dakota Sioux Chief.
This is White Swan, a Nakota Sioux Chief.
This is Sitting Bull, a Lakota Sioux Chief and holy man.
Religion and Beliefs
The Sioux were very close to nature. They believed that every human being had to live in a way to fit nature. Sioux religion revolved around nature and it's freedom. The Sioux believed that land did not belong to anyone and it was free to everything. They also respected nature because spirits lived in Mother Earth and it was bad and dangerous to make them angry. Their ancestors were also buried in the Earth and they did not want to disturb them.
Circles were important to the Sioux also. Circles were important to the Sioux because they represented death and rebirth. Circles were everywhere: their tepees were in circles, their fires were in circles, the Sun and Moon were in circles, the sky was round like a circle, the seasons went in circles, all their sacred dances were performed in a circle, medicine wheels were also in circular shapes, the wind also went in circles. The Sioux were taught that the Earth itself is a circle.
Lakota Sioux War Dance
*Summer Solstice: The two moments during the year when the path of the Sun in the sky is farthest north in the Northern Hemisphere (June 20 or 21) or farthest south in the Southern Hemisphere (December 21 or 22). Source, Encyclopedia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/573384/summer-solstice
During the 1800s a new dance called the Ghost Dance was founded when buffalo and land were scarce to the Sioux. A visionary named Wovoka told the Sioux that he had a vision of a dance that would bring everything back to the Sioux. The Ghost Dance was soon further expanded by saying that specific symbols on clothes would give protection the the Sioux during battle. The Ghost Dance had a major impact on the Sioux, tribes who usually fought against each other now were united, this and the fact that the Ghost Dance scared and unsettled white settlers made the United States and Canadian governments try to ban it. Though the Sioux continued to practice this new religious movement.The rituals of the Ghost Dance included dancing, meditation, chanting and prayers. The religion said that the world would soon end and all the lands would be given back to the Native Americans with green prairie grasses and herds of buffalo roaming again. The Ghost Dance continued further by saying the Native Americans should avoid everything of the white settlers, especially alcohol and live in harmony with each other. Native Americans who participated in the Ghost Dance would (supposedly) catch glimpses of the future while they danced. The Ghost Dance taught hope to the free and proud people who were now living in poverty, depression and in reservations reservations. Many western Native Americans also practiced this religion. In 1890 200 Sioux men, women, and children were killed by U.S. troops because they were practicing the Ghost Dance. This battle is called the “Wounded Knee Massacre” and it effectively ended the Ghost Dance.
Information on the Wounded Knee Massacre: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/knee.htm