Scopes Monkey Trial

An introduction to the trial of State

Monkey Trial begins......

In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called “Monkey Trial” begins with John Thomas Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.

John Scopes

John Scopes is best known as the Tennessee educator found guilty of breaking the law for teaching evolution in his class room.

John Scopes found himself at the center of one of the 20th century's most famous court battles.

Clarence Darrow

Clarence Darrow was an American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union. He was among the first attorneys to be called a "labor lawyer." He also was known for defending teenaged thrill killers Leopold and Loeb, and John T. Scopes in the Scopes Monkey Trial. Early days.

William Jennings Bryan

In June, 1924, the journalist, Haywood Broun, accused Bryan of being a supporter of the Ku Klx Klan. "For William Jennings Bryan is the very type and symbol of the spirit of the Ku Klux Klan. He has never lived in a land of men and women.

The outcome of the Scopes Monkey Trail

Scopes was found guilty and fined $100 (almost $1,300 in today's money). The Tennessee Supreme Court later upheld theconstitutionality of the statute but overturned Scopes' conviction on atechnicality. Bryan, meanwhile, died only five days after the conclusion of the Monkey Tri
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Jazz age

Cars also gave young people the freedom to go where they pleased and do what they wanted. What many young people wanted to do was dance........

the Charleston, the cake walk, the black bottom, the flea hop.

Jazz bands played at dance halls like the Savoy in New York City and the Aragon in Chicaco.

Some older people objected to jazz music’s “vulgarity” and “depravity” but many in the younger generation loved the freedom they felt on the dance floor.

Henry Ford

Henry Ford was one of America's greatest businessmen, the founder of Ford Motor Company and the man largely responsible for initiating the era of mass-consumption and mass-production in the American economy. Ford's innovative business practices, including standardization, the assembly line, and high wages for workers, revolutionized American industry.

Farmers

During the First World War US farmers had made record profits. they had been able to supply Britain and France with food on a regular basis. Britain relied on imports of foreign food to feed its population and when the Germans began to sink merchant ships in 1917,

food supplies became even more important.

But farming did not do well in the 1920s. US agriculture had expanded during the First World War to sell food to Europe, but afterwards countries returned to growing their own a grain. The expansion had led to over-production and now there was too much food on the market. Farmers found it more and more difficult to sell their produce.

Political Cartoon

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Scope trials were the main part of fundamentalism during the 1920's. This is a political cartoon showing how the people in the trials felt.


Letter to the editor

A new breed of young woman emerged; the so-called flapper was opinionated, smoked and drank heavily, and flaunted her sexuality in ways considered shocking at the time.