Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases


8.L.1.1 Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.



8.L.1.2 Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.

Microbiology

Microbiology Is the branch of science that deals


with microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses,


archaea, fungi and protozoa.

Virus

A Virus is a microorganism and a non-living pathogen that can


change or mutate.It infects a host cell and replicates to cause


illness and disease.Ways to prevent a virus, vaccine.Also ways


to keep viruses from spreading, quarantine.

Bacteria

Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease.


Multiply rapidly and can form colonies.

Fungi

A singled-celled or multi-cellular organism that


can decompose or absorb organic matter.


Ex:Mushrooms,yeast and molds

Parasite

A parasite is an organism that lives in an other organism.


Called host cell,Taking nutrients and often harming them


in process.

Outbreak

An outbreak is a sudden disease that is


extended in several countries,outbreaks


can last up two day or years.

Epidemic

Is a widespread is a infection disease


in a community at a specific time.

Pandemic

Pandemic is a huge outbreak of an infections disease


that spreads though human population across a large


region.For example multiple regions or even worldwide.

Epidemic v.s Pandemic

An Epidemic is when a contagious disease only affects one specific area or regions.


While on the other hand a Pandemic is a contagious disease that affects a very large


population of humans when giving a result of multiple areas worldwide.

Vocabulary

Outbreak-occurrence of a disease greater than otherwise be expected at a particular time and place


Epidemic-an outbreak of a disease that affects many people in one specific area or region


Pandemic-an epidemic that spreads all over the world


Vector-an insect that transmits disease


Pathogen-A virus,bacteria,fungi,parasite and protozoa


Protozoa-Algae and amoebas


Virus-A non-living pathogen that can mutate or change and infects the host cell


Bactria-Singled celled organisms that reproduce rapidly


Parasite-An organism that lives in other organism


Fungi-A single-celled or multi-cellular organism


Host cell-A call that a virus invades


Quarantine-A time or place of isolation