Islamic Art & Music

By Avalon & Haylee


Islamic Art is divided into 3 main categories geometric designs, calligraphy, and arabesque.

Most Muslims believe that the best art that can be created by man for use in the mosque is art that shows the underlying order and unity of nature. Discovered geometric forms therefore exemplify this perfect reality because Allah’s creation has been obscured by the sin of man.

Geometric Designs

No one knows who started geometric designs because of how old they are. Which have been derived from Byzantines, Greeks, Persians, Romans, and Central Asia.

Arabesque, Calligraphy, and geometric or polygonal designs.

They’re three types of patterning common to designs found in the Islamic world.

Common day geometric designs are the same as the old just copied due to the scientific difficulty and the natural limitations of the human mind.
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Calligraphy is the highest form of decorative art for Muslims. When Muslims started copying the Qur’an they only felt calligraphy was worthy enough to copy the words of God. Calligraphers use sharpened reeds or bamboo dipped in ink to write on parchment and paper.

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Musicians and poets worked together to make music. Music applies rather to only a particular genre of sounds, tones, or art of the sound and has been designated for people who have a somewhat questionable or even disreputable status in the Islamic culture. Muslims do not refer to music by the English term, "music", but by the Arabic term musiqua. Ziryab was a talented musician and singer from Baghdad.


Textiles were made by weavers who wove wool, linen, silk, and cotton which would then be dyed into vivid colors. Clothes showed rank and status in the Muslim kingdom. The caliph in his court wore some of the most valuable items. Fine textiles were used as awnings for high ranked guests or during festivals.

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