January 8, 2016 - Conclusion
January 8, 2016 - How can we improve infrastructure to prevent destruction from earthquakes?
- Build infrastructure away from earthquake prone areas
- Lower death rate
- Authorities can implement guidelines on locations and set limits on building heights
- Infrastructure specially designed with newer technology to withstand stronger tremors
- Wrap steel frames around pillars of buildings and bridges
January 8, 2016 - How do Costa Ricans adapt after an earthquake?
- Beware of aftershocks
- Smaller than main earthquake
- May cause additional damage
- Other effects: fires, chemical spills, landslides, etc.
January 8, 2016 - What makes earthquakes destructive?
Magnitude: The stronger the earthquake, the more destructive it will be.
Depth: Earthquakes can happen anywhere from the surface to 700 kilometres in depth. The deeper the earthquake, the less damage it does because the energy dissipates before reaching the surface.
Distance from the epicenter: The epicenter is the point where the earthquake happens. The closer to the epicenter, the stronger the earthquake.
Local geologic conditions: The ground at the surface of the earthquake can greatly affect the amount of damage done. Loose, sandy soil are more likely to cause buildings to collapse.
Secondary Effects: Earthquakes can trigger landslides, fires, floods and tsunamis. They can do more damage than the earthquake itself, if triggered.
Architecture: Better architecture is more likely to survive a quake. Poor construction and weak cement can worsen damage.
2012 Costa Rica Earthquake
Wednesday, Sep. 5th 2012 at 8:45am
Nicoya Peninsula, 10.16 N; 85.39 W
January 7, 2016 - Contacting an Expert
At what frequency do earthquakes have to happen at for buildings to be built to withstand earthquakes?
What is the safest type of structure?
This map shows the earthquakes that happened between 1992 and 2009. The red dots symbolize earthquakes. The clusters of red dots signify earthquake prone areas.
This map shows the topography of Costa Rica. The lowest in the legend is 1 - 100 feet (pale turquoise) and the highest is 11 000 - 12 000 feet (white).
This map is also a physical map like the topographic map but it shows it from a 3D view.
December 8, 2015 - 2012 Costa Rica Earthquake
December 2, 2015 - My Questions So Far
What factors contribute to the destructiveness of an earthquake?
How do Costa Rican residents adapt to their new lifestyles after the event of an earthquake?
How can we build on the infrastructure of the country to prevent more damage caused by earthquakes?