Recycling

Does recycling actually make our society healthier?

What is Recycling?

  • The process of improving, converting, and reusing waste materials that would otherwise be gotten rid of
  • Paper, glass, plastic, and metals are the most common materials recycled throughout the world

Background Information

In recycling, there are two types or categories. These include internal and external recycling. Internal recycling is the reclaiming of excess scrap materials and goods left over from produced goods by manufacturers. External recycling is the compilation of pre-owned goods for recycling by the people in our society. The pre- owned goods can include, aluminum cans, glass or plastic bottles, and/or newspapers and magazines. On the Earth we live in today, around 69% of its steel is recycled. Also, 79% of the energy used to make brand new steel is saved by recycling already made steel.
Big image

Pros or Positive Effects

There are many pros to recycling. These include things that benefit the overall economical and environmental society. The positive effects of recycling include:


  • It decreases need for countries to go through expensive imports

  • Helps steer clear of air and water pollution from manufacturing plants

  • Based on the EPA, "Reduces greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global climate change"

  • Recycling saves land

  • Based on the article, "Recycling", "...,energy costs are reduced, fewer people suffer from pollution-related illnesses, and land that would have been used for landfills can be put to more productive use."

  • Based on the article, "Recycled Materials Produce Less Pollution", "...using recycled materials reduces the need to extract, process, refine, and transport the timber, crude petroleum, ores, and so on that are necessary for virgin-based paper, plastics, glass, and meals, recycling lessens the toxic air emissions, effluents, and solid wastes that these manufacturing processes create."

  • Because paper can be recycled, it decreases the need for forests and trees to be cut down for new paper

  • "...creates many more jobs for rural and urban communities than landfill and incineration disposal options"

  • On a per-ton premise, recycling creates times ten the amount of jobs in recycling than in lanfilling

Cons or Negative Effects

There are also a number of prices to pay or negative effects that come with recycling as well. Some of the negative effects of recycling include:


  • Based on the article, "Recycling", "...cost of collecting, sorting, and processing recyclables can, for some materials, be higher than that of processing new raw materials."
  • It is more of an expense to cities or towns than it does to help them save money
  • Important time is wasted for people and occupations by having to sort and organize the recyclables every week
  • In Los Angeles, there are far more trucks on the street than believed to be needed
  • Because of recycling 800 trucks are on street instead of 400 trucks which is the number that there is believed should be in Los Angeles
  • In one area cost for recycling is $240 per ton while cost for dumping in landfills is $130 per ton
  • Based on the article, "Mandatory Recycling Wastes Resources", with all of the trucks,"'That means extra wear and tear on city streets, double the exhaust emissions into the atmosphere, double the man-hours required for someone to drive and man those trucks, and double the costs of maintenance and upkeep of the trucks.'"
  • Based on the article, "Recycling", "...cost of collecting, sorting, and processing recyclables can, for some materials, be higher than that of processing new raw materials."
  • According to the article, "Recycling is Uneconomical", recycling adds more pollution because of, "...: fumes and noise from collection trucks, solid waste and sludge from the mills that remove ink and turn the paper into pulp."
  • When recycling of about a ton of newsprint occurs and recycled newsprint is produced, approximately 5,000 extra gallons of waste water is let off
Big image

Does recycling actually make our society economically and environmentally healthier when it comes down to the final point?

Conclusion

When it all comes down to leveling out if recycling is overall economically and environmentally healthier for our society, I think that recycling is beneficial as long as the people in the society play their part to make it happen. One negative effect of recycling was that important time is wasted for people and occupations because they have to sort and organize the recyclables every week. If a law or rule was established that citizens needed to organize their recyclables in some way, and then those recyclables be picked up based on that way, that problem wouldn't be such an issue. For example, maybe a law or rule could be created that would enforce that the different materials need to be put in separate bins. Then the recyclables in each bin would be put in different parts of the recycling truck when the recyclables were picked up. Also, recycling may be expensive, but in the long run, it does still save money because the countries that do recycle certain materials, don't have to import new materials to make new virgin-based products just like the ones that could've be recycled. In addition, when the countries have to import new materials to make virgin-based products, the factories that make those products let off chemicals and other harmful wastes that harm the overall environment of the society. Recycling helps the society stay away from the air and water pollution produced by manufacturing plants. Recycing creates the fact that factories, who produce the harmful toxins, don't need to make the new virgin-based products that create those toxins. Also, because paper can be recycled it decreases the need for forests and trees to be cut down for new paper. Lastly, land that would need to be used for landfills can be put to a more productive use. Also, recycling creates many more jobs than at a landfill occupation. In fact, on a per-ton premise, recycling creates times ten the amount of jobs in recycling than in landfill occupations.There may be some environmental concerns recycling causes, but when you look at it, recycling is more environmentally beneficial, because factories there are many more factories in our society that produce just the same amount of hurtful pollution. Overall, recycling may not seem like the best idea in the short run, but when looking at it in the long run it provides many more benefits to our society than it is thought to. This mainly includes our society's money. Therefore, I think that recycling is good when it all comes down to the final question, "Does recycling actually make our society economically and environmentally healthier when it comes down to the end?".
Tesco Recycling Centre
Big image

Bibliography

  • Four Recycling Cans- Paper, Glass, Plastic, Metal. Digital image. British Council- ESOL Nexus. British Council, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2015. <https://esol.britishcouncil.org/content/learners/grammar-and-vocabulary/vocabulary-and-spelling/recycling>.
  • Hershkowitz, Allen. "Recycled Materials Produce Less Pollution." Pollution. Ed. James Haley. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2003. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "In Defense of Recycling." Social Research (Spring 1998). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.
  • Household Waste and Recycling Centre, Foxhall, near Ipswich, Suffolk, England. Photo. Encyclopedia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 17 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/300_173995/1/300_173995/cite
  • Plant, Brenda. "Recycling Is Economical." Pollution. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "The Five Most Dangerous Myths About Recycling."www.ilsr.org/recycling/fivemyths.html. 1996. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.
  • "Recycling Basics." EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 16 Nov. 2015. Web. 15 Dec. 2015. <http://www.epa.gov/recycle/recycling-basics>.
  • RECYCLING PLANT.Sloatsburg, NY.Conveyor Belt with Recycled Material. Materials That Can Be Recycled Include Metal, Plastic, Paper, and Glass.. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 15 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/157_1248686/1/157_1248686/cite
  • "Recycling." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.
  • Thayer, James. "Mandatory Recycling Wastes Resources." Garbage and Recycling. Ed. Margaret Haerens. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Recycle This!" Weekly Standard (25 Jan. 2006). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.
  • Tierney, John. "Recycling Is Uneconomical." Pollution. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2000. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Recycling Is Garbage." New York Times 30 June 1996. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.
  • Tomra Recycling Centre. Photography. Encyclopedia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 11 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/132_1306190/1/132_1306190/cite
  • What Happens To Stuff We Throw Away*? Digital image. EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 16 Nov. 2015. Web. 14 Dec. 2015. <http://www.epa.gov/recycle/recycling-basics>.