By: Kristopher Smith

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is a genetically based brain syndrome in which affecting parts of the brain that deal with functioning skills causing certain behavioral issues.

Whats the cause?

The main cause is do to changes in genetics which causes abnormalities in the chemical balances and structures in the brain. Specifically, genetics wise, the genes DRD4 and D2 which code for the receptor brain chemicals of dopamine and the gene DAT1 which code for the transport brain chemicals of dopamine. Now, because of these abnormalities in these chemicals it in turn disrupts many of the activities and levels of certain brain structures. Therefore, in all, genetics is indirectly the cause of this disease resulting in changes that directly cause the disease.

What are the affects and/or symptoms of this disease?

People diagnosed with ADHD usually experience a range of the following symptoms in the realms of hyperactivity and inattention. However not all people diagnosed with ADHD express symptoms of hyperactivity. In that case it is called ADD, or Attention Deficit Disorder, however most people use these abbreviations interchangeably. Having said that, keep in mind that people diagnosed with ADHD don't experience and express these symptoms the same exact way. Being that everyone's brain works differently.

Symptoms: Lack of attention, concentration, memory, motivation and effort. Difficulty in learning from mistakes, organization, and social skills. In addition behaviors of great impulsiveness and hyperactivity.

What are some of the treatment plans?

ADHD is a disease that, for now, cannot be cured. However, there are certain treatments that can mitigate the symptoms. Some treatment plans include medication which directly tackle the brain based functions as well as the symptoms. There is also therapy which helps the diagnosed patient on how to cope mentally, physically, and emotionally with their behavioral and social symptoms of the disease. Therapy also helps the patient deal with their interpersonal feelings and can even help their families or life partners that experience the effects of a loved one with ADHD. Moreover research has actually revealed that a combination of both medication and therapy are the most effective types of treatment for ADHD

What changes/ adaptions can be made to our environment in the aid of people with disability?

As whole ADHD is considered a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act so in turn there are many accommodations for people with this disease, in the workplaces as well as in schools. However because many of the symtompes

What are some of the new advancements in the research and awareness of ADHD?


Did you know?

Not all people who have ADHD were diagnosed as a child. ADHD can develop and come to play much later in life