Constitutional Period Herald

Suffolk, VA

Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights is another name for the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. The purpose the purpose of the Bill of Right is to shield the rights that are against the infringement from public officials and citizens. The term "bill of rights" came from England, it refers to the Bill of Rights 1689 created by the Parliament after the Glorious Revolution, declaring the supremacy of Parliament over the monarch, and listing a number of fundamental rights and liberties. The Bill of Rights can be created as entrenched or unentrenched. The entrenched bill cannot be modified in any way by the legislature and the unentrenched bill can be changed by the legislature any time they see fit. Other names for the Bill of Rights are declaration of rights and charter of rights.

The 3 Branches of Government

The three branches of government consist of executive, legislative and judicial. Each branch plays an essential role in the function of the government, and they were located in Articles 1 (legislative), 2 (executive) and 3 (judicial) of the United States Constitution.

The legislative branch was created to make laws. The implement the laws created the executive branch was put into place. Finally, so they people could understand the meaning of the laws the judicial branch was formed.

Virginia Declaration of Rights

The Virginia Declaration of Rights is a document created in 1776, which stated the inherent rights of men, including the right to reform or abolish "inadequate" government. The rights helped influenced the development of Unites States Declaration of Independence, United States Bill of Rights and French Revolution's Declaration of the Right of Man and of the Citizen.

The Declaration was draft unanimously by the Fifth Virginia Convention at Williamsburg, Virginia on June 12, 1776. The Declaration was written as a separate document from the Constitution of Virginia which was later implemented on June 29, 1776. The purpose of the Virginia Declaration of Rights is institutes the fundamental principles of free government in natural rights.

Separation of Powers

Separation of powers is a doctrine originating in the writings of Montesquieu. He pushed for a constitutional government with three separate branches of government. The Separation of Power is a representation of the governance of a state or who handles the state. The representation divides the state into branches, each have separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that the powers of one branch doesn't interfere with the powers associated with the other branches. The separation of power in the United States is related to the checks and balances system.

Articles of Confederation

The original name of the Articles of Confederation was Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. The Articles was considered the first constitution for the the United States of America. This was an agreement among all thirteen original states. The congress agreed upon the articles, November 15, 1777 and was finally implemented March 1, 1781. Under the Articles of Confederation the states stayed self governing with the Congress standing as the last resort for appeals of dispute.

Virginia Plan

The Virginia Plan also went by the name of the Randolph Plan, after the man that proposed the plan to the convention in 1787. The plan summarized have a legislature of two houses that would help select the Supreme Court Justice and the president. While waiting for the assemble, James Madison drafted the plan even though Randolph presented it. The purposes of the Virginia plan were to set the framework for any debated held in the convention and to control the population-weighted representation. The proposal of the Virginia Plan was unsuccessful, however it went through numerous corrections before it was finalized.