The most popular prehistoric monuments in Europe
Stonehenge is one of the most popular prehistoric monuments in Europe. It is located in Wiltshire, England. There are many ideas about how this monument was created. Archeologists believe that it was raised between 3000 and 2000 BC. Some people think that these giant rocks were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC. Other theory suggests that it was raised at the site as early as 3000 BC.
Name of monument
The name comes from the Old English, the words - stān (stone) and hencg (hinge) or hen(c)en (gallows). From the word henge a word henges (circles) was created - now the objects of this shape are called this name.
The stones of Stonehenge are set in the shape of the circle. There is an alley before the monument. There is the Heel Stone near the Stonehenge (it was probably the place used for an astronomic purposes). There are two trenches that indicate East and West on 21st March when you are on the top of the Heel Stone.
- No one knows how prehistoric people raised giant and heavy stones.
- No one knows when it was built.
- Maybe it was place where the Sun or other deities were worshipped (the kind of temple).
- Maybe it was stone calendar.
- The archeologists discovered that the daggers and weapons are engraved in the stones, but they don’t know yet what it means.
- Maybe it was a cemetery and all of the stones were tombstones.