Chameleons

Dan Mangiarelli Period 1 May 16, 2016

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Habitat

Chameleons live in Africa, Asia, and southern Europe.(EasyScienceForKids1) Chameleons also live in Sri Lanka,India, Asia Minor, and some tropical regions. (Sheppard Software 1). From the "tropical regions" part, we know that they mostly live in forested areas. They mostly live in cool, dry, and warm areas.

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Movement

Chameleons are specially adapted to live in trees.(DK Facts 1) They have strong Legs to hold them up on small branches. The chameleon has mitten-like feet that help them hold onto branches, or whatever they're climbing. They also have strong tails to catch them if they fall. The chameleon runs and jumps, but cannot fly. At times the chameleon can run really fast.
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Body Covering

Chameleons body's are covered in scales. These scales have special cells in their body to change colors. Scales cover most of their eyes, from what we see in the picture below. The chameleon is a vertebrae.
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Diet

Chameleons eat small animals, but mostly insects.(Fact Monster 1) They catch them with their long tongue. They are omnivorous, but eat mostly meat.(A-Z Animals 1) The diet does not change, based on the research i have gathered.
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Reproduction

When a male chameleon wants to mate, he finds a female. The female wants nothing to do with the male and chases him off, showing bright colors to show shes angry. When shes ready to mate, she won't do this. He then will put on a show of bright colors to impress the female. If this works, she will be his mate. She then hides her eggs in a sunny spot. The hatch-lings will never meet their parents.(National Wildlife Federation 1) That's kind of sad. It's like us never meeting our parents.

(upper right picture shows a female chameleon with her eggs)

(Bottom middle shows a male with his mate)

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Adaptations

Did you know that chameleons can change colors to hide in their environment? They use special cells, called chromotaphores.(DK Facts 1) If they don’t close their eyes, they won’t be completely invisible. They also have a long sticky tongue for catching food. (Science For Kids 1) Their tongue can shoot out in 0.007 seconds.(DK Facts 1) I don't think the chameleon has many predators but birds.

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Other Info

  • Some females don't lay eggs
  • for the namaqua chameleon, monitor lizards, vipers, and birds of prey are their enemies
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Works Cited

"Chameleon." A-Z Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://a-z-animals.com/animals/chameleon/>.

"Chameleons." DK Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://www.dkfindout.com/us/animals-and-nature/reptiles/chameleons/>.

"Chameleons." Fact Monster. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://www.factmonster.com/encyclopedia/science/chameleon.html>.

"Chameleons – Can They Change Their Colors?" EasyScienceForKids.
EasyScienceForKids, n.d. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://easyscienceforkids.com/
all-about-chameleons/>.

"Green Anole." Texas Parks and Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://tpwd.texas.gov/huntwild/wild/species/anole/>.

Sheppard Software. "Chameleons." Sheppard Software. Sheppard Software, n.d. Web.
10 May 2016. <http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/animals/
reptiles/chameleon.htm>.

"Chameleons." Chameleons Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://www.chameleonsonline.com/>.

Chameleons." National Wildlife Federation. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016.

<http://www.nwf.org/Kids/Ranger-Rick/Animals/Amphibians-and-Reptiles/
Chameleons.aspx>.

Carter, Virginia, and Angela Davies, eds. Amphibians and Reptiles. Danbury,CT:
Groiler, 2005. Print. World of Animals 44.