Battle of Okinawan

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Battle of Okinawan

  1. Last and biggest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, the Okinawa campaign (April 1—June 22, 1945) involved the 287,000 troops of the U.S
  2. At stake were air bases vital to the projected invasion of Japan
  3. the 82-day campaign, Japan had lost more than 77,000 soldiers and the Allies had suffered more than 65,000 casualties—including 14,000 dead.
  4. A series of defense lines across the island, both north and south of the American landing beaches, enabled the Japanese to conduct a fierce defense of Okinawa over many weeks
  5. The commanding generals on both sides died in the course of this battle: American general Simon B. Buckner by artillery fire, Japanese general Ushijima Mitsuru by suicide

Battle of Okinawan

  • Based on Okinawan government sources Japan admittedly lost 77,166 soldiers not including civilians and supporting naval or air forces based elsewhere during the campaign who either died of wounds were killed or committed suicide during the battle. No figures are given for supporting Japanese forces killed. Allied grave registration forces counted 110,071 dead simultaneously some 42,000 to 150,000 local civilians including all male citizens over 18 and both male and many female students under age 18 who were drafted to fight the invaders were killed or committed suicide or went missing a significant proportion of the estimated per-war 300,000 local population.

Battle of Okinawan

  • Okinawa was the Pentagon’s prime launchpad for the conflict, and the war in Southeast Asia wrought massive changes on the lives of its 900,000 residents. Many of the island’s current problems date back to this era and, if the history of the Vietnam War on Okinawa continues to be ignored, the island’s wounds