The U.S. Constitution was created in order to separate power so that the different forms of government were not overstepping each other. In order to do this, the document create three branches of government: the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch. Each have their own amount of power and have individual duties to perform.
Legislative: Consists of the U.S. Congress and the House of Representatives.
Executive: The President, who is in charge of foreign relations and managing domestic issues.
Judicial: The Supreme Courts and federal courts.
With these branches and powers separated, it granted states individual rights and operated uniformly. Today, this effects us by giving government the right to tax, or start war. The courts have the right to convict people without consulting the President and so on.
"U.S. Constitution (Excerpt)." American Eras: Primary Sources. Ed. Jennifer Stock. Vol. 5: Development of a Nation, 1783-1815. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2015. 230-235. U.S. History in Context. Web. 25 Sept. 2015
Sachar, Roger. "U.S. Constitution." Brainscape. Brainscape Team, 16 Sept. 2015. Web. 25 Sept. 2015.
"Brother James Madison?" The Midnight Freemasons. Ed. Steven L. Harrison. Midnight Freemason, 2015. Web. 25 Sept. 2015.
Best, James D. "Gouverneur Morris, the Penman of the Constitution." What Would The Founders Think? N.p., 2010-2014. Web. 25 Sept. 2015.
"Thomas Jefferson Biography." The Biography.com. Ed. Biography.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2015.