The effects of depression

by Jon Mainville

what is depression

Depression is a mood disorder that affects the way a person acts,thinks,and feels. Depression is not just feeling sad when you go through a significant loss like the loss of a loved one or a relationship. that is just sadness and that's normal. Depression is being sad when everything in your life is going right. when you get that job you wanted and your relationship is thriving.
Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #30

What causes depression

Depression starts in the hippo-campus. the hippo-campus is located in the center of the brain and is associated with memory and the production and regulation of hormones called cortisol. Cortisol is released from the brain during times of mental and physical stress. when the brain is exposed to high levels of cortisol the neurons in the hippo-campus begin to shrink leading to memory loss. the next part of the brain is the prefrontal cortex. the prefrontal cortex is the part of the brain that is responsible for decision making, regulating emotions and forming memories.when a excess mount of cortisol is made the prefrontal cortex shrinks. The amygdala is the par of the brain associated with emotional rsponses such as fear and pleasure in people with MDD (Major depressive disorder) the amygdala becomes enlarged and more active as a result of constant exposure to high levels of cortisol. An enlarged and hyperactive amygdala, along with abnormal activity in other parts of the brain, can result in sleep problems and irregular behavorial activity.

Types of depression

There are several types of depression. the types are:

Major depression: symptoms that are severe and interfere with a persons ability to work, eat , study, sleep and find pleasure in life. An episode can occur only once in a person’s lifetime, but more often, a person has several less severe episodes.

Persistent depressive disorder: A depressive state that lats for at least two years. A person diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder can have episodes of major depression along with periods of less severe symptoms, but symptoms must last for 2 years.

under uniqe circum stances different types can develop such as:

Psychotic depression: This occurs when a person has a severe or major depressive disorderplus some form of psychosis, such as breaks from reality or disturbing false beliefs or seeing and hearing upsetting or frightening things that others cannot hear nor see.

Postpartum depression: postpardum depression is more serious than the baby blues which many women experience after having a child, when their hormonal and physical changes plus the added aspect of having to care for a newborn is to much to handle and can be overwhelming. an estimated 10-15 percent of women experience postpardum depression after giving birth. this can be very dangerious. especially for the baby because the mother grows distant and unnattached from the child.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): characterized by the onset of depression during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. The depression generally lifts during spring and summer. SAD may be effectively treated with light therapy, but nearly half of those with SAD do not get better with light therapy alone. Antidepressant medication and psychotherapy can reduce SAD symptoms, either alone or in combination with light therapy.

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How to know if you are depressed or should seek professional help.

If you experience 3 or more of the following symptoms at least once a day every day for 2 weeks you most likely have depression.

1) fatigue or decrease in energy

2) difficulty concentrating, making decisions and remembering certain details.

3) loss of interest in hobbies and activities that you once found enjoyable. this includes sex.

4) loss of appetite or over eating.

5) irritability

6) persistent aches, pains, cramps, headaches, or digestive problems that do not ease after being treated

7) persistent saddness, anxiety or a empty feeling like you are incomplete.

8) fellings of guilt, hopelessness, helplessness, and/or worthlessness

9) thoughts of suicide or suicide attempts

10) thoughts of death

Beartooth - The Lines | Cover by Beccar + James Weaver
What People With Depression Want You To Know

Need help?

Anybody who expresses suicidal thoughts or intentions should be taken very, very seriously. Do not hesitate to call your local suicide hotline immediately. Call 1-800-SUICIDE (1-800-784-2433) or 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255)

You are not alone.

people with depression you may know

Jon Hamm

Ashley Judd

Owen Wilson

Heath Ledger

Andre Waters

Jeret Peterson

Princess Diana

Winona Ryder

words to know

MDD: Major depressive disorder

Psychotic depression: This occurs when a person has a severe or major depressive disorderplus some form of psychosis, such as breaks from reality or disturbing false beliefs or seeing and hearing upsetting or frightening things that others cannot hear nor see.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe.

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treatments

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