Serbia Country Report

By: Esther De La Rosa

Introduction

In this report you'll learn about the country Serbia with its information such as the history, geography, legends, economy, people, and much more! This information was provided from resources, such as articles from the internet interpreted to a more broad form of explaining about Serbia. Hope that you enjoy this and learn some new facts!

Geography

The map shown above in the far left corner shows the location of Serbia in Europe. Serbia is a small country located in the south-eastern part of Europe in the Balkans, and is landlocked by Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, and Croatia. The country contains mountains and rivers along with fertile plains mostly in the north. With the mountain ranges of the Dinaric Alps located in south-eastern part of Serbia, and Balkan Mts located in south-western part of Serbia. Europe's longest and one of most major rivers, Danube, is located through a dominant area in the northern part of Serbia. The Climate in Serbia consists of hot humid summers, and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The high and low temperature of Serbia in the winter ranges from -4 degrees Farenith to 50 degrees farenith. In the summer, the high and low temperatures are 60 degrees farenith to 80 degrees farenith, but on rare occasions, the temperature can be as high as up to 100 degreed farenith in the summer. The major and most populated cities in Serbia are Belgrade (also the capitol) with a population of 1,273,651, Nis with 250,000, and Novi Sad with a population of 215,400. The people of Serbia mostly live near fresh water or in the big cities as shown above, which are relatively close to the rivers. And the different types of transportation are by vehicles, waterways, railways, and airplanes (mostly use by the people to get out of the country).

Government

By comparison Serbia's government is quite similar to the U.S. Serbia government is limited and is parliamentary republic which consists of 3 branches, the leglative, judicial, and executive.

Legislative- The law-making body is called the National Assembly is composed of 250 members elected by the citizens using the secret ballot method. The National Assembly adapts and amends the Constitution, elects the cabinet membors for the executive branch, and appoints and dismiss the Constitutional Court of judges.

Executive- The Executive branch consists of 18 ministries, 2 vice presidents, and a prime minister and president. The ministers are nominated by the Prime Minister but approved by the National Assembly. The president is elected by the people and the term lasts for 5 years and at the most can have 2 terms. The president has a few responsibilities but the most power comes from the Prime Minister, which can be considered as Serbia's leader. Right now the Prime Minister is Aleksander Vucic ( it is spelled correctly without the accents), and the President is Tomislav Nikolic (with an accent on the c)

Judiciary- Consists of the Constitutional Court which has 15 judges chosen by the National Assembly and is chosen by the National Assembly

Serbia is part of the United Nations and NATO (Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization).And the U.S have been giving foreign AID to Serbia and in 2012, the U.S government gave a total of $35,701,423 to Serbia.

Economy

Serbia uses their own currency called Serbian diner, which it's current conversion rate is .0091 U.S dollar to 1 Serbian diner. They also import and export many resources. The top resources being exported includes fruit and nuts, rubber, plastics, and oil & mineral fuels. The top supplies being imported from other countries includes paper, iron & steel, and electrical machinery. And the average GDP per capita with USD is $6,350

My Opinion- Compare to the U.S Serbia is not a really wealthy country, because most people are able to make a living in the U.S with an average GDP per capita of $52,000, and Serbia is receiving foreign AID instead of giving foreign AID.

Religion, Language, Country Flag

The official language of Serbia is Serbian which is spoken by 88.1% of the people, and even though Serbia doesn't have and official religion, Orthodox is dominant through out the country by 84.4% of the people practicing the religion. And on the Serbian flag with the 3 stripes across, red represents the sacrifice and wars, blue represents materials (such as the land and water), and white means freedom. Including the symbol of the 2 headed eagle on the Serbian flag represents the national identity of the Serbian people.

Social and Ethnic Groups

Educational System- Schools in Serbia are both public and private and have some differences and similarities to the compare to the U.S. Education is required for at least 9 years for both male and female starting at age 7 (or minimum age of 6). They go through Primary School after Kindergarten which has to sections of the first one being from 1st grade to 4th grade, and the second section being from 5th grade to 9th grade. Along with it being unexecptable for home-schooling to happened with primary education. After primary school, students make a list of all of the secondary schools they would like to go to and the state enrolls them to the schools they think best by looking at their final score after completing primary school.

Ethnic Group Information- Men and Women have the same freedom and basic rights in the country along with different ethnic groups. The top 3 most dominant ethnic group by population in Serbia are Serbs with 83.3%, 3.5% being Hungarians, and 2.1% of the population being Romanians. Literacy rate is high for both male and female with a total population of 98.1% literate, with male being 99.1% literate, and female being 97.2% literate.

Men and Women Freedoms- Men and Women are both equal and have similar rights as we do in Serbia Constitution. Some basic rights are forbidding discrimination for basic characteristics such as religion, race, national origin, social origin, culture age, and mental or physical disability, (note that these are the basic examples and not all of the examples). Slavery is also prohibited, along with being able to have the right of being respected and protected.

History/ Traditional Holidays or Festivals, traditional Clothing, and Food

History- Serbia's land was first inhabited by many different people, and this includes Alexander The Great Empire entering to the south of Serbia and it being part of the Roman Empire for a period of time. The first Serbian kingdom was founded by a warrior named Stefan Nemanja, but in the 14 century, the kingdom was taken over by the Ottoman Empire. After some time the serbians began fighting for independence, and in 1876, Serbia was no longer under the the Ottoman Empire by the congress of Berlin and was finally and independent country. The Serbia country was soon no longer Serbia after WW1, when the victors formed a new country called Yugoslavia. It contained Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Traditional Festival- One famous and traditional festivals that had been going on for 56 is the Guca Trumpet Festival. It's a festival that occurs every year in the small town of Guca in August. The festival is filled with traditional orchrestas, dances, food of the Serbian culture, and of course many trumpets performances!


Traditional Clothing and Food- If you're a girl and performing a folk dance at the Guca festival, you might wear something like this (picture shown in the middle down). A white traditional dress with a beautifully embroided apron with silver threads and cords, along with woolen socks to complete the outfit.

Big image

Data Graph/ Conclusion

Note: That I type all of the words on google docs and took a photo of it, but all the information is completely from the CIA World Factbook.

Conclusion- based on the information presented here, one conclusion that you can make is that Serbia has a diverse amount of people due to the information presented in the ethnicities, religions, and languages. And also with Serbia per capita income of being $12,480, the U.S will probably be more and may be concluded that there are higher expenses in Serbia than the U.S

The End