Hungary

at erőmhöz mérten megvédem, képességeimnek megfelelően.

Geography and Location

Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe, which boarders these countries, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria. The country is mostly flat, with low mountains in the north.Hungary has three major lakes. Lake Balaton, the largest at 78 km long and from 3 to 14 kn wide, has an area of 592 sq km. It's central Europe's largest freshwater lake. Hungary joined the EU in 2004 but was not a founder.

Oath of Allegiance

Hungarians pledge is called "Oath of Allegiance."

Hungarian version:

Én, [name] esküszöm, hogy Magyarországot hazámnak tekintem. Magyarországnak hű állampolgára leszek, az Alaptörvényt és a jogszabályokat tiszteletben tartom és megtartom. Hazámat erőmhöz mérten megvédem, képességeimnek megfelelően szolgálom. Isten engem úgy segéljen.

English version:

I, [name], do solemnly swear that I shall consider Hungary my homeland. I shall be a loyal citizen of the Republic of Hungary and shall honour and observe its Constitution and laws. I shall defend my homeland in function with my force, and shall serve it to the best of my ability. So help me God!

The "Pledge of Allegiance" is the same with the exception of "So help me God!"

Hungarian Flag

The Hungarian flag dates back to the national movement of the 18and 19th centuries. It fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with revolutionary tri color form of the French Flag. Folklore attributes virtues to the colors; red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up most of the country. The colors are also seen as, red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope.

Capital, Other Major Cities and Tourism

Budapest is the capital of Hungary, which used to be two different cities: Buda and Pest. Four other major cities are Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, and Pécs. Among Hungary's diverse tourist attractions are Turkish and Roman ruins, medieval towns and castles, more than 500 thermal springs (some with resort facilities), and Lake Balaton, the largest freshwater lake in Europe. Budapest is a major tourist attraction and cultural capital, with 2 opera houses, over 200 monuments and museums, and several annual arts festivals. Popular sports include handball, football (soccer), tennis, and volleyball. The Budapest Grand Prix, the only Formula-1 motor race in Eastern Europe, was inaugurated in August 1986. A valid passport is required of all foreign visitors. Citizens of the United States and Canada are not required to have a visa for stays of up to 90 days. Hungary had 31,412,483 visitors in 2003, about 48% of who came from Central and Eastern Europe. There were 64,091 hotel rooms with 158,634 beds and an occupancy rate of 38%. The average length of stay was three nights. Tourist receipts totaled $3.4 billion. In 2004, the US Department of State estimated the daily expenses for staying in Budapest at $218. Other areas were much lower at $93 per day.

Government