Genetic Engineering

Can Genetic Engineering change the world?

Genetically engineered human therapeutic product

Genentech introduced its first discovery, synthetic human insulin, in 1982, and this was the first genetically engineered human therapeutic product.

Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering is also known as gene splicing, genetic modification or manipulation (GM), and recombinant DNA technology. Cloning is making an identical genetic copy of an organism. There are two types of cloning when discussing human biology: therapeutic cloning, which is conducted for the purposes of medical research, and reproductive cloning, which is conducted to duplicate hardy and healthy crops and animals.

GMO

The first genetically modified food product was the Flavor Saver, a tomato with an extended shelf life introduced by Calgene Inc., a California company, in 1994. Crops like potato, tomato, soybean and rice are currently being genetically engineered to obtain new strains with better nutritional qualities and increased yield.

GMO Pro

Some GMO foods have been modified to make them more resistant to insect pests. GMO's also increase food supply.

Genetic Engineering Pro

Genetic Engineering can reduce the amount of pesticide chemicals used on the plants, thus potentially reducing exposure to pesticides.

GMO Con

The term Frankenfood has since been adopted in the debate over genetically modified foods on both sides of the issue. U.S. consumers do not seem to be overly concerned about the potential dangers of GM foods, and a little over a decade after the introduction of the Flavor Saver tomato, an estimated 65 percent of supermarket products have at least one genetically modified ingredient.

Final Thoughts

I think that Genetic Engineering and GMO's can improve and destroy our world. If we modified an orange with a kiwi to make a korange or whatever, the chemicals could be dangerous. The best thing to do about food is to stick to organic. In Genetic Engineering in humans there can be good and bad. If we make a new medicine we could cure cancer but we could also kill mankind. I think that a good example would be: If we made a medicine that supposedly cured cancer there could be chemicals that people are allergic to, if the people with the cancer take the medicine it could either make them sicker or worse. So to answer the question: Can Genetic Engineering change the world? I say yes, not always in a good way though.

Bibliography

"Genetic Engineering." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.



"Genetic Mutations." BrainPOP. BrainPOP, n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.



Connealy, Leigh E. "GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food - Newport Natural Health." Newport Natural Health GMOs The Pros Cons of Genetically Modified Food Comments. New Port Natural Health, 9 July 2013. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.