The Gilded Age

Orlando G.

Political Machine

political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses who receive rewards for their efforts.

Political Bosses

a leader in a political party who controls votes and dictates appointments


the power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges.

Pendleton Civil Service

United States is a federal law established in 1883 that stipulated that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit