Menstrual Cycle

Trinity Ellis

Definition

The 28 day cycle that occurs when an egg is not fertilized. This causes the endometrium to shed, causing menstruation.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal/Pelvis cramping
  • Lower back pain
  • Food cravings
  • Headaches
  • Mood swings

4 Stages of Menstrual Cycle

Amenorrhea

The absence of a menstrual cycle due to pregnancy, anorexia, psychological factors, or hormone imbalances.

Premenstrual Syndrome

A group of symptoms shown prior to the menstrual cycle due to water retention in the body. Causes irritability, nervousness, mood swings, and weight gain.

Dysmenorrhea

Painful menstruation caused by an excessive production of an inflammatory substance, causing cramps.

Menopause

Also called "the change in life". This is a time in a female's life when the menstrual cycle comes to an end. This usually occurs around 45-55. This signals the end of follicle growth, ovulation, and the end of childbearing. This does not happen overnight, but happens over a few years. Some of the physiological changes are pronounced such as "hot flashes", dizziness, headache, rheumatic pain, and sweating. This can happen prematurely by removal of ovarian tissue.