The Cold War

By: David Rodriguez

Background Information on The Cold War:

The Cold War was an indirect war between the united states and the ussr, because they never actually fought in combat. This was a war of ideaology. The main combatants were the united states and the ussr. (The Totalitarian Communist vs Pro Democratic) The Cold War occurred from 1945 to 1991. 1989 is considered the end of the Cold War because that's when the iron Curtain was made. The iron Curtain is an maginary line separating democratic, capitalists countries west of line from autocratic, communist countries east of line.

Events of The Cold War:

The Korean War- Korea was split into north and south after World War 2. North Korea established a Communist Dictatorship by Soviet Union and Red China after Japan was defeated. North Korea attacked south Korea, starting the Korean War. President Truman had declared this fighting as a "police action" to allow the entry of American troops. The Korean War ended in a stalemate, so Korea is still divided to this day.

The Children of Thalidomide- Thalidomide was a medication intended for pregnant women to combat morning sickness and as an aid to help them sleep. Unfortunately, inadequate tests were performed to assess the drug's safety. After years of research on the uses of thalidomide, it was allowed to be used to prevent nausea in chemotherapy patients, as well as treating painful skin conditions. In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval for thalidomide in special cases.

McCarthyism- He was a first term Wisconsin Republican senator Americans supported his endeavors to find more Soviet agents hiding in Washington. Thousands of former New Dealers and Red-hunt critics from all walks of life were wrongfully persecuted.

The Cuban Missile Crisis- Khrushchev capitalized on the opportunity and placed several nuclear missiles in Cuba. Kennedy blockaded the island nation, pushing the US and USSR closer to nuclear warfare. Khrushchev ended the Cuban missile crisis when he agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for the end of the blockade.

People of the Cold War

Dwight D. Eisenhower- He is a WWII hero and a former NATO supreme commander, and also became president in 1953. He expanded New Deal programs like Social Security, and passed the Federal Highway Act. (improve national transportation) Eisenhower committed federal dollars towards fighting Communists in Vietnam. He also resolved the Suez crisis.

JFK- He is the 35th president. He set out to expand social welfare spending with his new Frontier Program. Kennedy and the members of his foreign policy staff, had devised a tactic of flexible response to contain Communism. In 1963, after Kennedy had spent around 1,000 days in the office, he was assassinated.

Joseph McCarthy-He capitalized on the fear of Communism during the Cold War in the 1950s by accusing hundreds of government employees Communists and Soviets. Many Americans fully supported him on this. He ended up ruining his reputation and died an alcoholic in 1957.

Richard Nixon-Republican congressman from California. He rose to national fame as a member of the House Un-American Activities Committee in the late 1940s. Nixon served as a vice president under Eisenhower. He established policy of Detente, which resulted in the closest relations between the USSR and the USA since World War II,